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A257289 a(n) = 8*9^n - 7*8^n. 5
1, 16, 200, 2248, 23816, 243016, 2416520, 23583688, 226933256, 2159839816, 20378082440, 190918934728, 1778399954696, 16486635929416, 152228014061960, 1400838452135368, 12853836673840136, 117654854901535816, 1074656292809619080, 9798007424852945608 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

First differences of 9^n - 8^n = A016185.

Number of numbers with n digits having the largest digit equal to 8. Note that this is independent of the base b > 8.

Equivalently, number of n-letter words over a 9-letter alphabet, which must not start with the last letter of the alphabet, and in which the first letter of the alphabet must appear.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..19.

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (17,-72).

FORMULA

G.f.: (1-x)/((1-8*x)*(1-9*x)). - Vincenzo Librandi, May 04 2015

MATHEMATICA

Table[8 9^n - 7 8^n, {n, 0, 20}] (* Vincenzo Librandi, May 04 2015 *)

PROG

(PARI) a(n)=8*9^n-7*8^n

(MAGMA) [8*9^n-7*8^n: n in [0..20]]; // Vincenzo Librandi, May 04 2015

(Sage) [8*9^n-7*8^n for n in (0..20)] # Bruno Berselli, May 04 2015

CROSSREFS

Cf. A016185.

See also A000225, A027649, A255463, A257285 - A257288 and A088924.

Sequence in context: A081679 A154249 A226869 * A125451 A154348 A129333

Adjacent sequences:  A257286 A257287 A257288 * A257290 A257291 A257292

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

M. F. Hasler, May 03 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 18 22:08 EDT 2019. Contains 322237 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)