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A255372 Number of strings of n decimal digits that contain at least one string of exactly 2 consecutive "0" digits. 5
0, 0, 1, 18, 261, 3411, 42057, 499383, 5775480, 65506986, 731953926, 8082054387, 88382960316, 958831580700, 10332164902851, 110698940875149, 1180155371168034, 12527193711780981, 132468636134059128, 1396061253467955315, 14668489189614036627 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,4

LINKS

Alois P. Heinz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (20,-100,-9,99,-90).

FORMULA

a(0) = a(1) = 0, a(2) = 1, a(n) = 9*(10^(n-3) - a(n-3) + sum_{i=2..n-1} a(i)) for n>=3.

G.f.: x^2*(x-1)^2/((10*x-1)*(9*x^4-9*x^3+10*x-1)). - Alois P. Heinz, Feb 26 2015

EXAMPLE

a(2) = 1 because there is only 1 two-digit string that contains the substring "00", i.e., "00" itself.

a(3) = 18 because there are 18 three-digit strings that contain a "00" substring that is not part of a string of three or more consecutive "0" digits; using "+" to represent a nonzero digit, the 18 strings comprise 9 of the form "00+" and 9 of the form "+00". ("000" is excluded.)

a(4) = 261 because there are 261 four-digit strings that contain a "00" substring that is not part of a string of three or more consecutive "0" digits; using "+" as above and "." to denote any digit (0 or otherwise), the 261 strings comprise 9*10=90 of the form "00+.", 9*9=81 of the form "+00+", and 10*9=90 of the form ".+00".

a(5) = 3411 because there are 3411 five-digit strings that contain at least one "00" substring that is not part of a string of three or more consecutive "0" digits; using "+" and "." as above, the 3411 strings comprise 9*10*10=900 of the form "00+..", 9*9*10=810 of the form "+00+.", 10*9*9=810 of the form ".+00+", and 99*9=891 that are of the form "..+00" but not of the form "00+00" (since the 9 strings of that latter form were already counted among the 900 of the form "00+..").

CROSSREFS

Cf. A255371 (for strings with, as it were, "exactly 1 consecutive '0' digit", i.e., a "0" that is not a substring of a longer string of "0" digits) and A255373-A255380 (for strings of exactly k consecutive "0" digits, for the cases k=3 through k=10).

Sequence in context: A157708 A159537 A136660 * A255373 A255374 A255375

Adjacent sequences:  A255369 A255370 A255371 * A255373 A255374 A255375

KEYWORD

nonn,base,easy

AUTHOR

Jon E. Schoenfield, Feb 21 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 20 17:42 EDT 2019. Contains 328268 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)