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A255250 Array T(n, m) of numbers of points of a square lattice in the first octant covered by a circular disk of radius n (centered at any lattice point taken as origin) with ordinate y = m. 2
1, 2, 3, 1, 4, 2, 1, 5, 3, 2, 6, 4, 3, 2, 7, 5, 4, 3, 1, 8, 6, 5, 4, 2, 9, 7, 6, 5, 3, 2, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 3, 1, 11, 9, 8, 7, 6, 4, 3, 1, 12, 10, 9, 8, 7, 5, 4, 2, 13, 11, 10, 9, 8, 6, 5, 3, 1, 14, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 6, 4, 3, 1, 15, 13, 12, 11, 10, 9, 7, 6, 4, 2, 16, 14, 13, 12, 11, 10, 8, 7, 5, 4, 2 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

The row length of this array (irregular triangle) is 1 + flpoor(n/sqrt(2)) = 1 + A049472(n) = 1, 1, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5, 5, 6, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 10, 11, ...

This entry is motivated by the proposal A255195 by Mats Granvik, who gave the first differences of this array.

See the MathWorld link on Gauss's circle problem.

The first octant of a square lattice (x, y) with n = x >= y = m >= 0 is considered. The number of lattice points in this octant covered by a circular disk of radius R = n around the origin having ordinate value y = m are denoted by T(n, m), for n >= 0 and m= 0, 1,..., floor(n/sqrt(2)).

The row sums give RS(n) = A036702(n), n >= 0. This is the total number of square lattice points in the first octant covered by a circular disk of radius R = n.

The alternating row sums give A256094(n), n >= 0.

The total number of square lattice points in the first quadrant covered by a circular disk of radius R = n is therefore 2*RS(n) - (1 + floor(n/sqrt(2))) = A000603(n).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..92.

E. W. Weisstein, World of Mathematics, Gauss's Circle Problem .

FORMULA

T(n, m) = floor(sqrt(n^2 - m^2)) - (m-1), n >= 0, m = 0,1, ..., floor(n/sqrt(2)).

EXAMPLE

The array (irregular triangle) T(n, m) begins:

n\m  0  1  2  3  4  5 6 7 8 9 10 ....

0:   1

1:   2

2:   3  1

3:   4  2  1

4:   5  3  2

5:   6  4  3  2

6:   7  5  4  3  1

7:   8  6  5  4  2

8:   9  7  6  5  3  2

9:  10  8  7  6  5  3 1

10: 11  9  8  7  6  4 3 1

11: 12 10  9  8  7  5 4 2

12: 13 11 10  9  8  6 5 3 1

13: 14 12 11 10  9  8 6 4 3 1

14: 15 13 12 11 10  9 7 6 4 2

15: 16 14 13 12 11 10 8 7 5 4  2

...

CROSSREFS

Cf. A036702, A256094, A000328, A049472, A255195, A255238 (quadrant).

Sequence in context: A195164 A223025 A087088 * A273620 A104705 A143361

Adjacent sequences:  A255247 A255248 A255249 * A255251 A255252 A255253

KEYWORD

nonn,easy,tabf

AUTHOR

Wolfdieter Lang, Mar 14 2015

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 20 08:23 EST 2018. Contains 299375 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)