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A249583 Number of permutations p of [n] such that p(i) > p(i+1) iff i=2 (mod 3). 4
1, 1, 1, 2, 5, 9, 40, 169, 477, 3194, 19241, 74601, 666160, 5216485, 25740261, 287316122, 2769073949, 16591655817, 222237912664, 2543467934449, 17929265150637, 280180369563194, 3712914075133121, 30098784753112329, 537546603651987424, 8094884285992309261 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,4

COMMENTS

This is the (UDU)* version of 3-alternating permutations of [n], (U=Up, D=Down).

LINKS

Alois P. Heinz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..500

J. M. Luck, On the frequencies of patterns of rises and falls, arXiv:1309.7764, 2013

Anthony Mendes and Jeffrey Remmel, Generating functions from symmetric functions, Preliminary version of book, available from Jeffrey Remmel's home page

R. P. Stanley, A survey of alternating permutations, arXiv:0912.4240, 2009

EXAMPLE

a(2) = 1: 12.

a(3) = 2: 132, 231.

a(4) = 5: 1324, 1423, 2314, 2413, 3412.

a(5) = 9: 13245, 14235, 15234, 23145, 24135, 25134, 34125, 35124, 45123.

a(6) = 40: 132465, 132564, 142365, 142563, 143562, 152364, 152463, 153462, 162354, 162453, 163452, 231465, 231564, 241365, 241563, 243561, 251364, 251463, 253461, 261354, 261453, 263451, 341265, 341562, 342561, 351264, 351462, 352461, 361254, 361452, 362451, 451263, 451362, 452361, 461253, 461352, 462351, 561243, 561342, 562341.

a(7) = 169: 1324657, 1324756, 1325647, ..., 6723514, 6724513, 6734512.

MAPLE

b:= proc(u, o, t) option remember; `if`(u+o=0, 1,

     `if`(t=2, add(b(u-j, o+j-1, irem(t+1, 3)), j=1..u),

               add(b(u+j-1, o-j, irem(t+1, 3)), j=1..o)))

    end:

a:= n-> b(0, n, 0):

seq(a(n), n=0..35);

MATHEMATICA

b[u_, o_, t_] := b[u, o, t] = If[u + o == 0, 1, If[t == 2, Sum[b[u - j, o + j - 1, Mod[t+1, 3]], {j, 1, u}], Sum[b[u + j - 1, o - j, Mod[t+1, 3]], {j, 1, o}]]];

a[n_] := b[0, n, 0];

Table[a[n], {n, 0, 35}] (* Jean-François Alcover, Nov 06 2017, after Alois P. Heinz *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A178963 (i=0), A249402 (i=1).

Sequence in context: A161137 A229551 A247550 * A109469 A334986 A185160

Adjacent sequences:  A249580 A249581 A249582 * A249584 A249585 A249586

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Alois P. Heinz, Nov 01 2014

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 16 12:40 EDT 2021. Contains 343037 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)