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A248053 G.f.: Sum_{n>=0} x^n / (1-4*x)^(2*n+1) * [Sum_{k=0..n} C(n,k)^2 * 2^k * x^k] * [Sum_{k=0..n} C(n,k)^2 * 4^k * x^k]. 2
1, 5, 35, 285, 2519, 23545, 228715, 2284365, 23294551, 241366025, 2532599675, 26845322925, 286946021495, 3088651368025, 33443864305675, 363983410742925, 3979005075583255, 43667580737050025, 480884378835323675, 5311978947724802925, 58839469859529979319, 653372409529941364345 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

Compare this sequence to its dual, A249921.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..21.

FORMULA

G.f.: Sum_{n>=0} x^n / (1-x)^(2*n+1) * [Sum_{k=0..n} C(n,k)^2 * x^k] * [Sum_{k=0..n} C(n,k)^2 * 4^(n-k) * 2^k * x^k].

G.f.: Sum_{n>=0} x^n * Sum_{k=0..n} C(n,k)^2 * Sum_{j=0..k} C(k,j)^2 * 4^(k-j) * 2^j * x^j.

G.f.: Sum_{n>=0} x^n * Sum_{k=0..n} C(n,k)^2 * 4^(n-k) * Sum_{j=0..k} C(k,j)^2 * 2^j * x^j.

a(n) = Sum_{k=0..[n/2]} 2^k * Sum_{j=0..n-2*k} C(n-k, k+j)^2 * C(k+j, j)^2 * 4^j.

a(n) ~ sqrt(24+17*sqrt(2)) * (6+4*sqrt(2))^n / (4*Pi*n). - Vaclav Kotesovec, Oct 04 2014

EXAMPLE

G.f.: A(x) = 1 + 5*x + 35*x^2 + 285*x^3 + 2519*x^4 + 23545*x^5 +...

where the g.f. is given by the binomial series identity:

A(x) = 1/(1-4*x) + x/(1-4*x)^3 * (1 + 2*x) * (1 + 4*x)

+ x^2/(1-4*x)^5 * (1 + 2^2*2*x + 4*x^2) * (1 + 2^2*4*x + 16*x^2)

+ x^3/(1-4*x)^7 * (1 + 3^2*2*x + 3^2*4*x^2 + 8*x^3) * (1 + 3^2*4*x + 3^2*16*x^2 + 64*x^3)

+ x^4/(1-4*x)^9 * (1 + 4^2*2*x + 6^2*4*x^2 + 4^2*8*x^3 + 16*x^4) * (1 + 4^2*4*x + 6^2*16*x^2 + 4^2*64*x^3 + 2561*x^4)

+ x^5/(1-4*x)^11 * (1 + 5^2*2*x + 10^2*4*x^2 + 10^2*8*x^3 + 5^2*16*x^4 + 32*x^5) * (1 + 5^2*4*x + 10^2*16*x^2 + 10^2*64*x^3 + 5^2*256*x^4 + 1024*x^5) +...

equals the series

A(x) = 1/(1-x) + x/(1-x)^3 * (1 + x) * (4 + 2*x)

+ x^2/(1-x)^5 * (1 + 2^2*x + x^2) * (16 + 2^2*4*2*x + 4*x^2)

+ x^3/(1-x)^7 * (1 + 3^2*x + 3^2*x^2 + x^3) * (64 + 3^2*16*2*x + 3^2*4*4*x^2 + 8*x^3)

+ x^4/(1-x)^9 * (1 + 4^2*x + 6^2*x^2 + 4^2*x^3 + x^4) * (256 + 4^2*64*2*x + 6^2*16*4*x^2 + 4^2*4*8*x^3 + 16*x^4)

+ x^5/(1-x)^11 * (1 + 5^2*x + 10^2*x^2 + 10^2*x^3 + 5^2*x^4 + x^5) * (1024 + 5^2*256*2*x + 10^2*64*4*x^2 + 10^2*16*8*x^3 + 5^2*4*16*x^4 + 32*x^5) +...

We can also express the g.f. by another binomial series identity:

A(x) = 1 + x*(4 + (1+2*x)) + x^2*(16 + 2^2*4*(1+2*x) + (1+2^2*2*x+4*x^2))

+ x^3*(64 + 3^2*16*(1+2*x) + 3^2*4*(1+2^2*2*x+4*x^2) + (1+3^2*2*x+3^2*4*x^2+8*x^3))

+ x^4*(256 + 4^2*64*(1+2*x) + 6^2*16*(1+2^2*2*x+4*x^2) + 4^2*4*(1+3^2*2*x+3^2*4*x^2+8*x^3) + (1+4^2*2*x+6^2*4*x^2+4^2*8*x^3+16*x^4))

+ x^5*(1024 + 5^2*256*(1+2*x) + 10^2*64*(1+2^2*2*x+4*x^2) + 10^2*16*(1+3^2*2*x+3^2*4*x^2+8*x^3) + 5^2*4*(1+4^2*2*x+6^2*4*x^2+4^2*8*x^3+16*x^4) + (1+5^2*2*x+10^2*4*x^2+10^2*8*x^3+5^2*16*x^4+32*x^5)) +...

equals the series

A(x) = 1 + x*(1 + (4+2*x)) + x^2*(1 + 2^2*(4+2*x) + (16+2^2*4*2*x+4*x^2))

+ x^3*(1 + 3^2*(4+2*x) + 3^2*(16+2^2*4*2*x+4*x^2) + (64+3^2*16*2*x+3^2*4*4*x^2+8*x^3))

+ x^4*(1 + 4^2*(4+2*x) + 6^2*(16+2^2*4*2*x+4*x^2) + 4^2*(64+3^2*16*2*x+3^2*4*4*x^2+8*x^3) + (256+4^2*64*2*x+6^2*16*4*x^2+4^2*8*4*x^3+16*x^4))

+ x^5*(1 + 5^2*(4+2*x) + 10^2*(16+2^2*4*2*x+4*x^2) + 10^2*(64+3^2*16*2*x+3^2*4*4*x^2+8*x^3) + 5^2*(256+4^2*64*2*x+6^2*16*4*x^2+4^2*8*4*x^3+16*x^4) + (1024+5^2*256*2*x+10^2*64*4*x^2+10^2*16*8*x^3+5^2*4*16*x^4+32*x^5)) +...

MATHEMATICA

Table[Sum[2^k * Sum[Binomial[n-k, k+j]^2 * Binomial[k+j, j]^2 * 4^j, {j, 0, n-2*k}], {k, 0, Floor[n/2]}], {n, 0, 20}] (* Vaclav Kotesovec, Oct 04 2014 *)

PROG

(PARI) /* By definition: */

{a(n, p=4, q=2)=local(A=1); A=sum(m=0, n, x^m/(1-p*x)^(2*m+1) * sum(k=0, m, binomial(m, k)^2 * q^k * x^k) * sum(k=0, m, binomial(m, k)^2 * p^k * x^k) +x*O(x^n)); polcoeff(A, n)}

for(n=0, 25, print1(a(n, 4, 2), ", "))

(PARI) /* By a binomial identity: */

{a(n, p=4, q=2)=local(A=1); A=sum(m=0, n, x^m/(1-x)^(2*m+1) * sum(k=0, m, binomial(m, k)^2 * p^(m-k) * q^k * x^k) * sum(k=0, m, binomial(m, k)^2 * x^k) +x*O(x^n)); polcoeff(A, n)}

for(n=0, 25, print1(a(n, 4, 2), ", "))

(PARI) /* By a binomial identity: */

{a(n, p=4, q=2)=polcoeff(sum(m=0, n, x^m*sum(k=0, m, binomial(m, k)^2 * sum(j=0, k, binomial(k, j)^2 * p^(k-j) * q^j * x^j)+x*O(x^n))), n)}

for(n=0, 25, print1(a(n, 4, 2), ", "))

(PARI) /* By a binomial identity: */

{a(n, p=4, q=2)=polcoeff(sum(m=0, n, x^m*sum(k=0, m, binomial(m, k)^2 * p^(m-k) * sum(j=0, k, binomial(k, j)^2 * q^j * x^j)+x*O(x^n))), n)}

for(n=0, 25, print1(a(n, 4, 2), ", "))

(PARI) /* Formula for a(n): */

{a(n, p=4, q=2)=sum(k=0, n\2, sum(j=0, n-2*k, q^k * binomial(n-k, k+j)^2 * binomial(k+j, j)^2 * p^j))}

for(n=0, 25, print1(a(n, 4, 2), ", "))

CROSSREFS

Cf. A249921, A246510, A246423, A246455, A246056.

Sequence in context: A229111 A138233 A322666 * A002294 A051406 A000356

Adjacent sequences:  A248050 A248051 A248052 * A248054 A248055 A248056

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Paul D. Hanna, Sep 30 2014

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 24 07:18 EST 2020. Contains 331189 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)