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 A246037 Number of odd terms in f^n, where f = (1/x+1+x)*(1/y+y). 4
 1, 6, 6, 20, 6, 36, 20, 88, 6, 36, 36, 120, 20, 120, 88, 336, 6, 36, 36, 120, 36, 216, 120, 528, 20, 120, 120, 400, 88, 528, 336, 1376, 6, 36, 36, 120, 36, 216, 120, 528, 36, 216, 216, 720, 120, 720, 528, 2016, 20, 120, 120, 400, 120, 720, 400, 1760, 88, 528, 528, 1760, 336, 2016, 1376, 5440 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 0,2 COMMENTS This is the number of ON cells in a certain 2-D CA in which the neighborhood of a cell is defined by f, and in which a cell is ON iff there was an odd number of ON cells in the neighborhood at the previous generation. This is the odd-rule cellular automaton defined by OddRule 077 (see Ekhad-Sloane-Zeilberger "Odd-Rule Cellular Automata on the Square Grid" link). Run Length Transform of A246036. The Run Length Transform of a sequence {S(n), n>=0} is defined to be the sequence {T(n), n>=0} given by T(n) = Product_i S(i), where i runs through the lengths of runs of 1's in the binary expansion of n. E.g. 19 is 10011 in binary, which has two runs of 1's, of lengths 1 and 2. So T(19) = S(1)*S(2). T(0)=1 (the empty product). LINKS Alois P. Heinz, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..8192 Shalosh B. Ekhad, N. J. A. Sloane, and  Doron Zeilberger, A Meta-Algorithm for Creating Fast Algorithms for Counting ON Cells in Odd-Rule Cellular Automata, arXiv:1503.01796 [math.CO], 2015; see also the Accompanying Maple Package. Shalosh B. Ekhad, N. J. A. Sloane, and  Doron Zeilberger, Odd-Rule Cellular Automata on the Square Grid, arXiv:1503.04249 [math.CO], 2015. N. J. A. Sloane, On the No. of ON Cells in Cellular Automata, Video of talk in Doron Zeilberger's Experimental Math Seminar at Rutgers University, Feb. 05 2015: Part 1, Part 2 N. J. A. Sloane, On the Number of ON Cells in Cellular Automata, arXiv:1503.01168 [math.CO], 2015. EXAMPLE Here is the neighborhood: [X, X, X] [0, 0, 0] [X, X, X] which contains a(1) = 6 ON cells. MAPLE C:=f->subs({x=1, y=1}, f); # Find number of ON cells in CA for generations 0 thru M defined by rule # that cell is ON iff number of ON cells in nbd at time n-1 was odd # where nbd is defined by a polynomial or Laurent series f(x, y). OddCA:=proc(f, M) global C; local n, a, i, f2, p; f2:=simplify(expand(f)) mod 2; a:=[]; p:=1; for n from 0 to M do a:=[op(a), C(p)]; p:=expand(p*f2) mod 2; od: lprint([seq(a[i], i=1..nops(a))]); end; f:=(1/x+1+x)*(1/y+y); OddCA(f, 70); MATHEMATICA (* f = A246036 *) f = 1; f[n_] := (4^(n+1)-(-2)^n)/3; Table[Times @@ (f[Length[#]]&) /@ Select[s = Split[IntegerDigits[n, 2]], #[] == 1&], {n, 0, 63}] (* Jean-François Alcover, Jul 12 2017 *) CROSSREFS Other CA's that use the same rule but with different cell neighborhoods: A160239, A102376, A071053, A072272, A001316, A246034, A246035. Cf. A246036. Sequence in context: A073096 A212622 A255468 * A045896 A309122 A115046 Adjacent sequences:  A246034 A246035 A246036 * A246038 A246039 A246040 KEYWORD nonn AUTHOR N. J. A. Sloane, Aug 21 2014 STATUS approved

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Last modified May 30 09:15 EDT 2020. Contains 334712 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)