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A245092 The even numbers (A005843) and the values of sigma function (A000203) interleaved. 152
0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 4, 6, 7, 8, 6, 10, 12, 12, 8, 14, 15, 16, 13, 18, 18, 20, 12, 22, 28, 24, 14, 26, 24, 28, 24, 30, 31, 32, 18, 34, 39, 36, 20, 38, 42, 40, 32, 42, 36, 44, 24, 46, 60, 48, 31, 50, 42, 52, 40, 54, 56, 56, 30, 58, 72, 60, 32, 62, 63, 64, 48 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Consider an irregular step pyramid with n steps. The base of the pyramid is equal to the symmetric representation of A024916(n), the sum of all divisors of all positive integers <= n. Two of the faces of the pyramid are the same as the representation of the n-th triangular numbers as a staircase. The total area of the pyramid is equal to 2*A024916(n) + A046092(n). The volume is equal to A175254(n). By definition a(2n-1) is A000203(n), the sum of divisors of n. Starting from the top a(2n-1) is also the total area of the horizontal part of the n-th step of the pyramid. By definition, a(2n) = A005843(n) = 2n. Starting from the top, a(2n) is also the total area of the irregular vertical part of the n-th step of the pyramid.

On the other hand the sequence also has a symmetric representation in two dimensions, see Example.

From Omar E. Pol, Dec 31 2016: (Start)

We can find the pyramid after the following sequences: A196020 --> A236104 --> A235791 --> A237591 --> A237593.

The structure of this infinite pyramid arises after the 90-degree-zig-zag folding of the diagram of the isosceles triangle A237593 (see the links).

The terraces at the m-th level of the pyramid are also the parts of the symmetric representation of sigma(m), m >= 1, hence the sum of the areas of the terraces at the m-th level equals A000203(m).

Note that the step pyramid is also one of the 3D-quadrants of the step pyramid described in A244050.

For more information about the pyramid see A237593 and all its related sequences. (End)

LINKS

Robert Price, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..20000

Omar E. Pol, A pyramid related to the divisor function and other integers sequences

Omar E. Pol, Diagram of the isosceles triangle A237593 before the 90-degree-zig-zag folding (rows: 1..28)

Omar E. Pol, Perspective view of the pyramid (first 16 levels)

FORMULA

a(2*n-1) + a(2n) = A224880(n).

EXAMPLE

Illustration of initial terms:

----------------------------------------------------------------------

a(n)                             Diagram

----------------------------------------------------------------------

0    _

1   |_|\ _

2    \ _| |\ _

3     |_ _| | |\ _

4      \ _ _|_| | |\ _

4       |_ _|  _| | | |\ _

6        \ _ _|  _| | | | |\ _

7         |_ _ _|  _|_| | | | |\ _

8          \ _ _ _|  _ _| | | | | |\ _

6           |_ _ _| |    _| | | | | | |\ _

10           \ _ _ _|  _|  _|_| | | | | | |\ _

12            |_ _ _ _|  _|  _ _| | | | | | | |\ _

12             \ _ _ _ _|  _|  _ _| | | | | | | | |\ _

8               |_ _ _ _| |  _|  _ _|_| | | | | | | | |\ _

14               \ _ _ _ _| |  _| |  _ _| | | | | | | | | |\ _

15                |_ _ _ _ _| |_ _| |  _ _| | | | | | | | | | |\ _

16                 \ _ _ _ _ _|  _ _|_|  _ _|_| | | | | | | | | | |\

13                  |_ _ _ _ _| |  _|  _|  _ _ _| | | | | | | | | | |

18                   \ _ _ _ _ _| |  _|  _|    _ _| | | | | | | | | |

18                    |_ _ _ _ _ _| |  _|     |  _ _|_| | | | | | | |

20                     \ _ _ _ _ _ _| |      _| |  _ _ _| | | | | | |

12                      |_ _ _ _ _ _| |  _ _|  _| |  _ _ _| | | | | |

22                       \ _ _ _ _ _ _| |  _ _|  _|_|  _ _ _|_| | | |

28                        |_ _ _ _ _ _ _| |  _ _|  _ _| |  _ _ _| | |

24                         \ _ _ _ _ _ _ _| |  _| |    _| |  _ _ _| |

14                          |_ _ _ _ _ _ _| | |  _|  _|  _| |  _ _ _|

26                           \ _ _ _ _ _ _ _| | |_ _|  _|  _| |

24                            |_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _| |  _ _|  _|  _|

28                             \ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _| |  _ _|  _|

24                              |_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _| | |  _ _|

30                               \ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _| | |

31                                |_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _| |

32                                 \ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _|

...

a(n) is the total area of the n-th set of symmetric regions in the diagram.

.

From Omar E. Pol, Aug 21 2015:  (Start)

The above structure contains a hidden pattern, simpler, as shown below:

Level                              _ _

1                                _| | |_

2                              _|  _|_  |_

3                            _|   | | |   |_

4                          _|    _| | |_    |_

5                        _|     |  _|_  |     |_

6                      _|      _| | | | |_      |_

7                    _|       |   | | |   |       |_

8                  _|        _|  _| | |_  |_        |_

9                _|         |   |  _|_  |   |         |_

10             _|          _|   | | | | |   |_          |_

11           _|           |    _| | | | |_    |           |_

12         _|            _|   |   | | |   |   |_            |_

13       _|             |     |  _| | |_  |     |             |_

14     _|              _|    _| |  _|_  | |_    |_              |_

15   _|               |     |   | | | | |   |     |               |_

16  |                 |     |   | | | | |   |     |                 |

...

The symmetric pattern emerges from the front view of the step pyramid.

Note that starting from this diagram A000203 is obtained as follows:

In the pyramid the area of the k-th vertical region in the n-th level on the front view is equal to A237593(n,k), and the sum of all areas of the vertical regions in the n-th level on the front view is equal to 2n.

The area of the k-th horizontal region in the n-th level is equal to A237270(n,k), and the sum of all areas of the horizontal regions in the n-th level is equal to sigma(n) = A000203(n).

(End)

From Omar E. Pol, Dec 31 2016: (Star)

Illustration of the top view of the pyramid with 16 levels:

.

n   A000203    A237270    _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

1      1   =      1      |_| | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |

2      3   =      3      |_ _|_| | | | | | | | | | | | | |

3      4   =    2 + 2    |_ _|  _|_| | | | | | | | | | | |

4      7   =      7      |_ _ _|    _|_| | | | | | | | | |

5      6   =    3 + 3    |_ _ _|  _|  _ _|_| | | | | | | |

6     12   =     12      |_ _ _ _|  _| |  _ _|_| | | | | |

7      8   =    4 + 4    |_ _ _ _| |_ _|_|    _ _|_| | | |

8     15   =     15      |_ _ _ _ _|  _|     |  _ _ _|_| |

9     13   =  5 + 3 + 5  |_ _ _ _ _| |      _|_| |  _ _ _|

10    18   =    9 + 9    |_ _ _ _ _ _|  _ _|    _| |

11    12   =    6 + 6    |_ _ _ _ _ _| |  _|  _|  _|

12    28   =     28      |_ _ _ _ _ _ _| |_ _|  _|

13    14   =    7 + 7    |_ _ _ _ _ _ _| |  _ _|

14    24   =   12 + 12   |_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _| |

15    24   =  8 + 8 + 8  |_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _| |

16    31   =     31      |_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _|

... (End)

MATHEMATICA

Table[If[EvenQ@ n, n, DivisorSigma[1, (n + 1)/2]], {n, 0, 65}] (* or *)

Transpose@ {Range[0, #, 2], DivisorSigma[1, #] & /@ Range[#/2 + 1]} &@ 65 // Flatten (* Michael De Vlieger, Dec 31 2016 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000203, A004125, A024916, A005843, A175254, A196020, A224880, A235791, A236104, A237270, A237271, A237591, A237593, A239050, A239660, A239931-A239934, A243980, A244050, A244360-A244363, A244370, A244371, A244970, A244971, A245093, A261350, A262626, A277437, A279387, A280223, A280295.

Sequence in context: A205791 A039696 A076332 * A092601 A162906 A100476

Adjacent sequences:  A245089 A245090 A245091 * A245093 A245094 A245095

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Omar E. Pol, Jul 15 2014

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 17 14:39 EDT 2019. Contains 328114 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)