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A241504 a(n) = |{0 < g < prime(n): g is not only a primitive root modulo prime(n) but also a partition number given by A000041}|. 6
1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 3, 4, 3, 4, 4, 3, 4, 5, 3, 5, 4, 5, 3, 3, 5, 4, 4, 6, 5, 4, 6, 4, 6, 4, 3, 4, 4, 3, 7, 8, 5, 3, 6, 5, 8, 5, 2, 5, 7, 7, 6, 4, 7, 7, 2, 7, 5, 3, 6, 6, 10, 9, 5, 8, 7, 5, 10, 5, 5, 3, 8, 5, 5, 9, 4, 5, 5, 5, 8, 7, 10, 9, 6, 7, 4 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,3

COMMENTS

Conjecture: (i) a(n) > 0 for all n > 0. In other words, any prime p has a primitive root g < p which is also a partition number.

(ii) Any prime p > 3 has a primitive root g < p which is also a strict partition number (i.e., a term of A000009).

We have checked part (i) for all primes p < 2*10^7, and part (ii) for all primes p < 5*10^6. See also A241516.

LINKS

Zhi-Wei Sun, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Zhi-Wei Sun, Problems on combinatorial properties of primes, arXiv:1402.6641, 2014.

EXAMPLE

a(92) = 1 since p(13) = 101 is a primitive root modulo prime(92) = 479, where p(.) is the partition function (A000041).

a(493) = 1 since p(20) = 627 is a primitive root modulo prime(493) = 3529.

a(541) = 1 since p(20) = 627 is a primitive root modulo prime(541) = 3911.

a(1146) = 1 since p(27) = 3010 is a primitive root modulo prime(1146) = 9241.

a(1951) = 1 since p(35) = 14883 is a primitive root modulo prime(1951) = 16921.

a(2380) = 1 since p(36) = 17977 is a primitive root modulo prime(2380) = 21169.

a(5629) = 1 since p(20) = 627 is a primitive root modulo prime(5629) = 55441.

MATHEMATICA

f[k_]:=PartitionsP[k]

dv[n_]:=Divisors[n]

Do[m=0; Do[If[f[k]>Prime[n]-1, Goto[bb]]; Do[If[Mod[f[k]^(Part[dv[Prime[n]-1], i]), Prime[n]]==1, Goto[aa]], {i, 1, Length[dv[Prime[n]-1]]-1}]; m=m+1; Label[aa]; Continue, {k, 1, Prime[n]-1}]; Label[bb]; Print[n, " ", m]; Continue, {n, 1, 80}]

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000009, A000040, A000041, A237121, A239957, A239963, A241476, A241492, A241516, A241568.

Sequence in context: A152803 A187181 A211187 * A016729 A155940 A186963

Adjacent sequences:  A241501 A241502 A241503 * A241505 A241506 A241507

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Zhi-Wei Sun, Apr 24 2014

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 19 16:17 EDT 2019. Contains 328223 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)