
COMMENTS

Guy, 2004: "Andrew Bremner has computed the rational rank of the elliptic curve x^3 + y^3 = Taxicab(n) as equal to 2, 4, 5, 4 for n = 2, 3, 4, 5, respectively."
Abhinav Kumar computed that a(1) = 0 (see the MathOverflow link for details). But Euler and Legendre scooped him (see the next comment).
Noam D. Elkies: "... the fact that x^3+y^3=2 has no [rational] solutions other than x=y=1 is attributed by Dickson to Euler himself: see Dickson's History of the Theory of Numbers (1920) Vol.II, Chapter XXI "Numbers the Sum of Two Rational Cubes", page 572. The reference (footnote 182) is "Algebra, 2, 170, Art. 247; French transl., 2, 1774, pp. 35560; Opera Omnia, (1), I, 491". In the next page Dickson also refers to work of Legendre that includes this result (footnote 184: "Théorie des nombres, Paris, 1798, 409; ...")." See the MathOverflow link for further comments from Elkies.
