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A228356 The triangle associated with the family of polynomials W_n(x). 0
1, 1, 1, -1, 3, 1, -1, 5, 5, 1, 1, 7, 19, 7, 1, 1, 9, 71, 41, 9, 1, -1, 11, 265, 239, 71, 11, 1, -1, 13, 989, 1393, 559, 109, 13, 1, 1, 15, 3691, 8119, 4401, 1079, 155, 15, 1, 1, 17, 13775, 47321, 34649, 10681, 1847, 209, 17, 1 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,5

COMMENTS

W_n(x) is the family of polynomials in x with integer coefficients given by W_n(x) = sin((2n+1)arccos(x)/2)/(sin(arccos(x)/2)).

These polynomials are intimately linked with the Chebyshev polynomials of the first and second kinds, and represent the polynomials associated with the Dirichlet kernel.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..54.

FORMULA

W_{n+1} = 2xW_n(x) - W_{n-1}, W_0(x)=1, W_1(x)=2x+1.

EXAMPLE

The triangle is given here as W_0(0)=1, W_1(0)=1, W_0(1)=1, W_2(0)=-1, W_1(1)=3, W_0(2)=1, W_3(0)=-1, W_2(1)=5 ...

MATHEMATICA

W[0, _] = 1; W[1, x_] := 2 x + 1; W[n_, x_] := W[n, x] = 2 x W[n - 1, x] - W[n - 2, x]; Table[W[n - x, x] , {n, 0, 9}, {x, 0, n}] // Flatten (* Jean-Fran├žois Alcover, Jun 11 2017 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A028297, A101124, A133156, A228161, A228565, A228637, A180870.

Sequence in context: A108359 A100936 A086620 * A253670 A137897 A296327

Adjacent sequences:  A228353 A228354 A228355 * A228357 A228358 A228359

KEYWORD

sign,easy,tabl

AUTHOR

Jonny Griffiths, Aug 28 2013

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 20 09:59 EDT 2019. Contains 322309 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)