

A228098


Number of primes p > prime(n) and such that prime(n)*p < prime(n+1)^2.


4



1, 2, 1, 3, 1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, 2, 1, 1, 3, 2, 1, 2, 1, 1, 4, 1, 2, 1, 3, 1, 2, 2, 1, 2, 2, 1, 4, 1, 2, 1, 2, 4, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, 1, 4, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 1, 2, 1, 1, 3
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OFFSET

1,2


COMMENTS

For n > 1, a(n)+1 is the number of composite numbers < prime(n+1)^2 and removed at the nth step of Eratosthenes' sieve. The exception for n=1 comes from prime(1)^3 = 2^3 = 8 < prime(2)^2 = 9. This does not occur any more because prime(n)^3 > prime(n+1)^2 for all n > 1.
a(n) is related to the distribution of primes around prime(n+1). High values correspond to a large gap before prime(n+1) followed by several small gaps after prime(n+1).
a(n) >= 1 for all n, because prime(n+1) always trivially satisfies the condition. The sequence tends to alternate high and low values, and takes its minimum value 1 about half the time.
a(n) is >= and almost always equal to a'(n), defined as the number of primes between prime(n+1) (inclusive) and prime(n+1) + gap(n) (inclusive), with gap(n) = prime(n+1)  prime(n) = A001223(n).
An exception is 7, for which a(7) = 3, while the following prime is 11, thus gap(7) = 4, and there are only two primes between 11 and 11 + 4 = 15. It is probably the only one, as it is easily seen that a(n) = a'(n) if gap(n) <= sqrt(2prime(n)), which is a condition a little stronger than Andrica's Conjecture: gap(n) < 2sqrt(prime(n))+1. 7 is probably a record for the ratio gap(n)/sqrt(prime(n)), and the only prime for which it is > sqrt(2) (see A079296 for an ordering of primes according to Andrica's conjecture).


LINKS

JeanChristophe Hervé, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..9999
C. K. Caldwell, Gaps between primes.
Eric W. Weisstein, Andrica's Conjecture
Wikipedia, Andrica's conjecture
Marek Wolf, A note on the Andrica conjecture, arXiv:1010.3945 [math.NT], 2010.


EXAMPLE

a(4)=3 because prime(4)=7, prime(5)=11, 11^2=121, and 7*11 < 7*13 < 7*17 < 121 < 7*19.


MATHEMATICA

Table[PrimePi[Prime[n + 1]^2/Prime[n]]  n, {n, 100}] (* T. D. Noe, Oct 29 2013 *)


PROG

(Sage)
P = Primes()
def a(n):
p=P.unrank(n1)
p1=P.unrank(n)
L=[q for q in [p+1..p1^2] if q in Primes() and p*q<p1^2]
return len(L)
k=100 #change k for more terms
[a(m) for m in [1..k]] # Tom Edgar, Oct 29 2013


CROSSREFS

Cf. A000040, A001223, A083140, A079296.
Sequence in context: A028293 A092782 A119647 * A327533 A327518 A174532
Adjacent sequences: A228095 A228096 A228097 * A228099 A228100 A228101


KEYWORD

nonn,easy


AUTHOR

JeanChristophe Hervé, Oct 26 2013


STATUS

approved



