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A219069 Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) = n^4 + (n*k)^2 + k^4, 1 <= k <= n. 6
3, 21, 48, 91, 133, 243, 273, 336, 481, 768, 651, 741, 931, 1281, 1875, 1333, 1456, 1701, 2128, 2821, 3888, 2451, 2613, 2923, 3441, 4251, 5461, 7203, 4161, 4368, 4753, 5376, 6321, 7696, 9633, 12288, 6643, 6901, 7371, 8113, 9211, 10773, 12931, 15841, 19683 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Entry 17a from July 9, 1796 in Gauss's Mathematical Diary: "Summa trium quadratorum continue proportionalium numquam primus esse potest: conspicuum exemplum novimus et quod congruum videtur. Confidamus." Paul Bachmann explains that this note is based on Gauss's discovery of this factorization: n^4 + n^2*k^2 + k^4 = (n^2 + n*k + k^2) * (n^2 - n*k + k^2).

REFERENCES

Carl Friedrich Gauss (Hans Wussing, ed.), Mathematisches Tagebuch 1796-1814, Ostwalds Klassiker der Exakten Wissenschaften, Leipzig (1976, 1979), pp. 43, 63, 90.

LINKS

Reinhard Zumkeller, Rows n = 1..120 of triangle, flattened

Wikipedia, Gauss's diary

Wikipedia, Paul Gustav Heinrich Bachmann

FORMULA

T(n,k) = A215630(n,k) * A215631(n,k), 1 <= k <= n.

EXAMPLE

The triangle begins:

.  1:      3

.  2:     21    48

.  3:     91   133   243

.  4:    273   336   481   768

.  5:    651   741   931  1281  1875

.  6:   1333  1456  1701  2128  2821  3888

.  7:   2451  2613  2923  3441  4251  5461  7203

.  8:   4161  4368  4753  5376  6321  7696  9633 12288

.  9:   6643  6901  7371  8113  9211 10773 12931 15841 19683

. 10:  10101 10416 10981 11856 13125 14896 17301 20496 24661 30000

. 11:  14763 15141 15811 16833 18291 20293 22971 26481 31003 36741 43923

PROG

(Haskell)

a219069 n k = a219069_tabl !! (n-1) !! (k-1)

a219069_row n = a219069_tabl !! n

a219069_tabl = zipWith (zipWith (*)) a215630_tabl a215631_tabl

CROSSREFS

Cf. A059826 (left edge), A219056 (right edge), A219070 (row sums).

Cf. A239426 (central terms).

Cf. A243201 (diagonal (n + 1, n)). - Mathew Englander, Jun 03 2014

Sequence in context: A217000 A034186 A318211 * A027499 A303834 A152773

Adjacent sequences:  A219066 A219067 A219068 * A219070 A219071 A219072

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl,look,changed

AUTHOR

Reinhard Zumkeller, Nov 11 2012

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 13 18:14 EDT 2019. Contains 327981 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)