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A217843 Numbers which are the sum of one or more consecutive nonnegative cubes. 26
0, 1, 8, 9, 27, 35, 36, 64, 91, 99, 100, 125, 189, 216, 224, 225, 341, 343, 405, 432, 440, 441, 512, 559, 684, 729, 748, 775, 783, 784, 855, 1000, 1071, 1196, 1241, 1260, 1287, 1295, 1296, 1331, 1584, 1728, 1729, 1800, 1925, 1989, 2016, 2024, 2025, 2197 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,3

COMMENTS

Contains A000578 (cubes), A005898 (two consecutive cubes), A027602 (three consecutive cubes), A027603 (four consecutive cubes) etc. - R. J. Mathar, Nov 04 2012

See A265845 for sums of consecutive positive cubes in more than one way. - Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 17 2015

From Lamine Ngom, Apr 15 2021: (Start)

a(n) can always be expressed as the difference of the squares of two triangular numbers (A000217).

A168566 is the subsequence A000217(n)^2 - 1.

a(n) is also the product of two nonnegative integers whose sum and difference are both promic.

See example and formula sections for details. (End)

LINKS

T. D. Noe, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..1000

FORMULA

a(n) >> n^2. Probably a(n) ~ kn^2 for some k but I cannot prove this. - Charles R Greathouse IV, Aug 07 2013

a(n) is of the form [x*(x+2*k+1)*(x*(x+2*k+1)+2*k*(k+1))]/4, sum of n consecutive cubes starting from (k+1)^3. - Lamine Ngom, Apr 15 2021

EXAMPLE

From Lamine Ngom, Apr 15 2021: (Start)

Arrange the positive terms in a triangle as follows:

n\k |   1    2    3    4    5    6    7

----+-----------------------------------

  0 |   1;

  1 |   8,   9;

  2 |  27,  35,  36;

  3 |  64,  91,  99, 100;

  4 | 125, 189, 216, 224, 225;

  5 | 216, 341, 405, 432, 440, 441;

  6 | 343, 559, 684, 748, 775, 783, 784;

Column 1: cubes = A000217(n+1)^2 - A000217(n)^2.

The difference of the squares of two consecutive triangular numbers (A000217) is a cube (A000578).

Column 2: sums of 2 consecutive cubes (A027602).

Column 3: sums of 3 consecutive cubes (A027603).

etc.

Column k: sums of k consecutive cubes.

Row n: A000217(n)^2 - A000217(m)^2, m < n.

T(n,n) = A000217(n)^2 (main diagonal).

T(n,n-1) = A000217(n)^2 - 1 (A168566) (2nd diagonal).

Now rectangularize this triangle as follows:

n\k |   1    2     3     4    5     6   ...

----+--------------------------------------

  0 |   1,   9,   36,  100,  225,  441, ...

  1 |   8,  35,   99,  224,  440,  783, ...

  2 |  27,  91,  216,  432,  775, 1287, ...

  3 |  64, 189,  405,  748, 1260, 1989, ...

  4 | 125, 341,  684, 1196, 1925, 2925, ...

  5 | 216, 559, 1071, 1800, 2800, 4131, ...

  6 | 343, 855, 1584, 2584, 3915, 5643, ...

The general form of terms is:

T(n,k) = [n^4 + A016825(k)*n^3 + A003154(k)*n^2 + A300758(k)*n]/4, sum of n consecutive cubes after k^3.

This expression can be factorized into [n*(n + A005408(k))*(n*(n + A005408(k)) + 4*A000217(k))]/4.

For k = 1, the sequence provides all cubes: T(n,1) = A000578(k).

For k = 2, T(n,2) = A005898(k), centered cube numbers, sum of two consecutive cubes.

For k = 3, T(n,3) = A027602(k), sum of three consecutive cubes.

For k = 4, T(n,4) = A027603(k), sum of four consecutive cubes.

For k = 5, T(n,5) = A027604(k), sum of five consecutive cubes.

T(n,n) = A116149(n), sum of n consecutive cubes after n^3 (main diagonal).

For n = 0, we obtain the subsequence T(0,k) = A000217(n)^2, product of two numbers whose difference is 0*1 (promic) and sum is promic too.

For n = 1, we obtain the subsequence T(1,k) = A168566(x), product of two numbers whose difference is 1*2 (promic) and sum is promic too.

For n = 2, we obtain the subsequence T(2,k) = product of two numbers whose difference is 2*3 (promic) and sum is promic too.

etc.

For n = x, we obtain the subsequence formed by products of two numbers whose difference is the promic x*(x+1) and sum is promic too.

Consequently, if m is in the sequence, then m can be expressed as the product of two nonnegative integers whose sum and difference are both promic. (End)

MATHEMATICA

nMax = 3000; t = {0}; Do[k = n; s = 0; While[s = s + k^3; s <= nMax, AppendTo[t, s]; k++], {n, nMax^(1/3)}]; t = Union[t]

PROG

(Haskell)

import Data.Set (singleton, deleteFindMin, insert, Set)

a217843 n = a217843_list !! (n-1)

a217843_list = f (singleton (0, (0, 0))) (-1) where

   f s z = if y /= z then y : f s'' y else f s'' y

              where s'' = (insert (y', (i, j')) $

                           insert (y' - i ^ 3 , (i + 1, j')) s')

                    y' = y + j' ^ 3; j' = j + 1

                    ((y, (i, j)), s') = deleteFindMin s

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Dec 17 2015, May 12 2015

(PARI) lista(nn) = {my(list = List([0])); for (i=1, nn, my(s = 0); forstep(j=i, 1, -1, s += j^3; if (s > nn^3, break); listput(list, s); ); ); Set(list); } \\ Michel Marcus, Nov 13 2020

CROSSREFS

Cf. A034705, A217844-A217850, A062682, A131643, A240137.

Cf. A000578, A005898, A027602, A027603, A027604.

Cf. A265845 (subsequence).

Cf. A000217 (triangular numbers), A046092 (4*A000217).

Cf. A168566 (A000217^2 - 1).

Cf. A002378 (promics), A016825 (singly even numbers), A003154 (stars numbers).

Cf. A000330 (square pyramidal numbers), A300758 (12*A000330).

Cf. A005408 (odd numbers).

Sequence in context: A003997 A114090 A351959 * A139753 A046874 A316416

Adjacent sequences:  A217840 A217841 A217842 * A217844 A217845 A217846

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

T. D. Noe, Oct 23 2012

EXTENSIONS

Name edited by N. J. A. Sloane, May 24 2021

STATUS

approved

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Last modified June 26 20:24 EDT 2022. Contains 354885 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)