

A216678


On an n X n grid, number of ways to draw arrows between adjacent nodes such that each node has one outgoing and one incoming arrow, of which the one is not the opposite of the other (i.e., without 2loops).


3



0, 2, 0, 88, 0, 207408, 0, 22902801416, 0, 112398351350823112, 0, 24075116871728596710774372
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OFFSET

1,2


COMMENTS

"Adjacent" is meant in the sense of von Neumann neighborhoods (4 neighbors for "interior" nodes, 3 resp. 2 for nodes on the borders resp. in the corners).
Or: Number of permutations of an n X n array, with each element moving exactly one horizontally or vertically and without 2loops.


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..12.
Project Euler, Problem 393: Migrating ants.


EXAMPLE

For a 1 X 1 grid, there is no such permutation or possibility.
For a 2 X 2 grid, on has the clockwise and counterclockwise cyclic "permutation" of the 4 nodes. (It is not allowed to draw arrows between 2 pairs of nodes in horizontal or vertical sense since, e.g., the arrow from the first to the second node is the opposite of the arrow from the second to the first node.)
For a 3 X 3 grid, there is no possibility, neither for a 5 X 5 grid.


CROSSREFS

See A216675 for the same problem without the additional restriction.
Cf. A216796, A216797, A216798, A216799, A216800 for more general n X k grids.
Sequence in context: A012447 A136558 A156490 * A136559 A009740 A132860
Adjacent sequences: A216675 A216676 A216677 * A216679 A216680 A216681


KEYWORD

nonn,more


AUTHOR

M. F. Hasler, Sep 13 2012


EXTENSIONS

Terms beyond a(5) computed by R. H. Hardin, Sep 15 2012


STATUS

approved



