login
This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo


Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A215715 G.f. satisfies: A(x) = (1 + x*A(x)^2) * (1 + x*A(x)^4). 1
1, 2, 13, 118, 1242, 14227, 172177, 2165732, 28032668, 370944717, 4995412647, 68239105203, 943278064473, 13169938895473, 185453340189492, 2630813161415976, 37561512615867450, 539336703889993006, 7783290731579783544, 112828761898680983141, 1642222504807143423470 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

More generally, for fixed parameters p, q, r, and s, if F(x) satisfies:

F(x) = (1 + x^r*F(x)^(p+1)) * (1 + x^(r+s)*F(x)^(p+q+1)), then

F(x) = exp( Sum_{n>=1} x^(n*r)*F(x)^(n*p)/n * [Sum_{k=0..n} C(n,k)^2 * x^(k*s)*F(x)^(k*q)] ).

The radius of convergence of g.f. A(x) is r = 0.06368546004073732405169450... with A(r) = 1.3960637117611795281240000742797488619448782873... where y=A(r) satisfies 6*y^5 + 17*y^4 - 46*y^3 + 16*y^2 + 4*y - 8 = 0.

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..825

Vaclav Kotesovec, Recurrence

FORMULA

G.f. A(x) satisfies:

(1) A(x) = sqrt( (1/x)*Series_Reversion( x*(1 + sqrt(1 - 4*x*(1+x)^2))^2/(4*(1+x)^2) ) ).

(2) A(x) = exp( Sum_{n>=1} x^n*A(x)^n/n * Sum_{k=0..n} C(n,k)^2 * A(x)^(2*k) ).

(3) A(x) = exp( Sum_{n>=1} x^n*A(x)^(3*n)/n * Sum_{k=0..n} C(n,k)^2 / A(x)^(2*k) ).

The formal inverse of the g.f. A(x) is (sqrt(x^4 + 4*x^3 - 2*x^2 + 1) - (1+x^2))/(2*x^4).

a(n) ~ c*d^n/(sqrt(Pi)*n^(3/2)), where d = 15.70217125479403872... is the root of the equation -1024 - 3840*d + 26368*d^2 - 58644*d^3 + 1933*d^4 + 108*d^5 = 0 and c = 0.320114409... - Vaclav Kotesovec, Sep 17 2013

EXAMPLE

G.f.: A(x) = 1 + 2*x + 13*x^2 + 118*x^3 + 1242*x^4 + 14227*x^5 + ...

Related expansions.

A(x)^2 = 1 + 4*x + 30*x^2 + 288*x^3 + 3125*x^4 + 36490*x^5 + ...

A(x)^4 = 1 + 8*x + 76*x^2 + 816*x^3 + 9454*x^4 + 115260*x^5 + ...

A(x)^6 = 1 + 12*x + 138*x^2 + 1648*x^3 + 20427*x^4 + 260934*x^5 + ...

where A(x) = 1 + x*(A(x)^2 + A(x)^4) + x^2*A(x)^6.

The logarithm of the g.f. equals the series:

log(A(x)) = (1 + A(x)^2)*x*A(x) + (1 + 2^2*A(x)^2 + A(x)^4)*x^2*A(x)^2/2 +

(1 + 3^2*A(x)^2 + 3^2*A(x)^4 + A(x)^6)*x^3*A(x)^3/3 +

(1 + 4^2*A(x)^2 + 6^2*A(x)^4 + 4^2*A(x)^6 + A(x)^8)*x^4*A(x)^4/4 +

(1 + 5^2*A(x)^2 + 10^2*A(x)^4 + 10^2*A(x)^6 + 5^2*A(x)^8 + A(x)^10)*x^5*A(x)^5/5 + ...

Explicitly,

log(A(x)) = 2*x + 22*x^2/2 + 284*x^3/3 + 3878*x^4/4 + 54607*x^5/5 + 784144*x^6/6 + 11414265*x^7/7 + 167819014*x^8/8 + ...

MATHEMATICA

CoefficientList[Sqrt[1/x*InverseSeries[Series[x*(1+Sqrt[1-4*x*(1+x)^2])^2/(4*(1+x)^2), {x, 0, 20}], x]], x] (* Vaclav Kotesovec, Sep 17 2013 *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(n)=local(A=1+x+x*O(x^n)); for(i=1, n, A=(1 + x*A^2)*(1 + x*A^4)); polcoeff(A, n)}

for(n=0, 31, print1(a(n), ", "))

(PARI) {a(n)=polcoeff( sqrt((1/x)*serreverse( x*(1 + sqrt(1 - 4*x*(1+x)^2 +x*O(x^n)))^2/(4*(1+x)^2))), n)}

(PARI) {a(n)=local(A=1+x+x*O(x^n)); for(i=1, n, A=exp(sum(m=1, n, sum(j=0, m, binomial(m, j)^2*A^(2*j))*x^m*A^m/m))); polcoeff(A, n)}

(PARI) {a(n)=local(A=1+x+x*O(x^n)); for(i=1, n, A=exp(sum(m=1, n, sum(j=0, m, binomial(m, j)^2/A^(2*j))*x^m*A^(3*m)/m))); polcoeff(A, n)}

CROSSREFS

Cf. A198953, A215654.

Sequence in context: A209052 A209217 A000180 * A292437 A192460 A004122

Adjacent sequences:  A215712 A215713 A215714 * A215716 A215717 A215718

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Paul D. Hanna, Aug 21 2012

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent | More pages
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy .

Last modified February 23 23:56 EST 2018. Contains 299595 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)