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A215007 a(n) = 7*a(n-1) - 14*a(n-2) + 7*a(n-3), a(0)=1, a(1)=3, a(2)=9. 23
1, 3, 9, 28, 91, 308, 1078, 3871, 14161, 52479, 196196, 737793, 2785160, 10540390, 39955041, 151615947, 575723785, 2187128524, 8311078307, 31587815308, 120069510526, 456434707519, 1735184512425, 6596692255391, 25079305566420 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

The sequence a(n) we shall call Berndt-type sequence of number 1 for the argument 2Pi/7 - our motivation from Berndt's et al. and myself papers comes (see the first formula below, which is in agreement with the respective identities discussed in these papers).

We note that a(n) = A105849(n) for n=0,1,...,5, and A105849(6) - a(6) = 1. Moreover we have a(n) = 2*A215008(n) - A215008(n+1).

REFERENCES

R. Witula, E. Hetmaniok, D. Slota, Sums of the powers of any order roots taken from the roots of a given polynomial, Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Conference on Fibonacci Numbers and Their Applications, Eger, Hungary, 2012.

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

B. C. Berndt, A. Zaharescu, Finite trigonometric sums and class numbers, Math. Ann. 330 (2004), 551-575.

B. C. Berndt, L.-C. Zhang, Ramanujan's identities for eta-functions, Math. Ann. 292 (1992), 561-573.

Z.-G. Liu, Some Eisenstein series identities related to modular equations of the seventh order, Pacific J. Math. 209 (2003), 103-130.

Roman Witula, Ramanujan Type Trigonometric Formulae, Demonstratio Math. 45 (2012) 779-796.

R. Wituła, P. Lorenc, M. Różański, M. Szweda, Sums of the rational powers of roots of cubic polynomials, Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Slaskiej, Seria: Matematyka Stosowana z. 4, Nr. kol. 1920, 2014.

FORMULA

a(n) = (1/sqrt(7))*(cot(8*Pi/7)*(s(1))^2n + cot(4*Pi/7)*(s(4))^2n + cot(2*Pi/7)*(s(2))^2n), where s(j) := 2*sin(2Pi*j/7).

G.f.: (1-4*x+2*x^2)/(1-7*x+14*x^2-7*x^3).

MATHEMATICA

LinearRecurrence[{7, -14, 7}, {1, 3, 9}, 50] (* G. C. Greubel, Feb 01 2018 *)

PROG

(PARI) Vec((1-4*x+2*x^2)/(1-7*x+14*x^2-7*x^3)+O(x^99)) \\ Charles R Greathouse IV, Sep 27 2012

(MAGMA) Q:=Rationals(); R<x>:=PowerSeriesRing(Q, 40); Coefficients(R!((1-4*x+2*x^2)/(1-7*x+14*x^2-7*x^3))) // G. C. Greubel, Feb 01 2018

CROSSREFS

Cf. A215008.

Sequence in context: A071752 A071756 A176673 * A105849 A243156 A228449

Adjacent sequences:  A215004 A215005 A215006 * A215008 A215009 A215010

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Roman Witula, Jul 31 2012

STATUS

approved

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Last modified March 20 09:50 EDT 2019. Contains 321345 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)