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A213982 Least k >= 1 such that prime(n) +- k = 2^m * q, m >= 0, where q >= 2 is prime. 2
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 3, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 2, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 3, 2, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 3 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,20

COMMENTS

What one can say about the average behavior of a(n) for large n? It is interesting in view of the Broughan-Qizhi inequality A192869(n) >> n*(log(n))^2 and their conjecture that A192869(n) = O(n*(log(n))^2). But in the case of A213982 we have, on average, log(n) possible odd positive and negative values of k with |k| < min (p_n-p_(n-1, p_(n+1)-p_n) which is approximately log(n).

Therefore, we conjecture that, on average, a(n) is approximately c*log(n) with c in (0,1). Calculations up to 10^6 (Peter J. C. Moses) show that, most likely, c < 0.298.

LINKS

Robert Israel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

Kevin Broughan and Zhou Qizhi, Flat primes and thin primes, Bulletin of the Australian Mathematical Society 82:2 (2010), pp. 282-292.

EXAMPLE

a(1)=1, since 2+1 = 3 = 2^0*3;

a(2)=1, since 3+1 = 2^1*2;

a(7)=1, since 17-1 = 16 = 2^3*2;

a(10)=1, since 29-1 = 28 = 2^2*7.

MAPLE

f:= proc(n) local p, q, k, t;

  p:= ithprime(n);

  for k from 1 do

    for t in [p+k, p-k] do

      q:= t/2^padic:-ordp(t, 2);

      if q=1 or isprime(q) then return k fi

    od

  od

end proc:

map(f, [$1..100]); # Robert Israel, Mar 27 2018

MATHEMATICA

Table[NestWhile[#+1&, 1, Not[Apply[Or, Flatten[PrimeQ[Map[(Prime[n] + #)/(2^Range[0, Floor[Log[Prime[n]]/Log[2]]])&, {-#, #}]]]]]&], {n, 100}] (* Peter J. C. Moses, Jul 09 2012 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A192869, A214018.

Sequence in context: A284259 A250068 A214566 * A275811 A102855 A124148

Adjacent sequences:  A213979 A213980 A213981 * A213983 A213984 A213985

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Vladimir Shevelev, Jun 30 2012

EXTENSIONS

Name edited by Robert Israel, Mar 28 2018

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 23 07:07 EST 2020. Contains 331168 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)