login
This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo

Thanks to everyone who made a donation during our annual appeal!
To see the list of donors, or make a donation, see the OEIS Foundation home page.

Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A212626 Number of largest independent vertex subsets of the rooted tree with Matula-Goebel number n. 10
1, 2, 1, 1, 3, 3, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 4, 1, 2, 5, 1, 1, 1, 4, 5, 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 1, 2, 4, 1, 1, 1, 3, 4, 2, 2, 2, 1, 5, 3, 1, 3, 6, 1, 2, 2, 1, 1, 3, 3, 1, 9, 5, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 4, 1, 1, 1, 7, 7, 2, 1, 6, 1, 1, 4, 3, 4, 2, 1, 1, 8, 3, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 3, 1, 3, 2, 4, 2, 1, 5, 6, 3, 2, 1, 2, 1, 1 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

A vertex subset in a tree is said to be independent if no pair of vertices is connected by an edge. The empty set is considered to be independent.

The Matula-Goebel number of a rooted tree can be defined in the following recursive manner: to the one-vertex tree there corresponds the number 1; to a tree T with root degree 1 there corresponds the t-th prime number, where t is the Matula-Goebel number of the tree obtained from T by deleting the edge emanating from the root; to a tree T with root degree m>=2 there corresponds the product of the Matula-Goebel numbers of the m branches of T.

REFERENCES

F. Goebel, On a 1-1 correspondence between rooted trees and natural numbers, J. Combin. Theory, B 29 (1980), 141-143.

I. Gutman and A. Ivic, On Matula numbers, Discrete Math., 150, 1996, 131-142.

I. Gutman and Y-N. Yeh, Deducing properties of trees from their Matula numbers, Publ. Inst. Math., 53 (67), 1993, 17-22.

D. W. Matula, A natural rooted tree enumeration by prime factorization, SIAM Review, 10, 1968, 273.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..100.

E. Deutsch, Rooted tree statistics from Matula numbers, arXiv:1111.4288.

Index entries for sequences related to Matula-Goebel numbers

FORMULA

In A212623 one finds the generating polynomial P(n,x) with respect to the number of vertices of the independent vertex subsets of the rooted tree with Matula-Goebel number n. We have a(n) = coefficient of the largest power of x in P(n,x).

EXAMPLE

a(5)= 3 because the rooted tree with Matula-Goebel number 5 is the path tree R - A - B - C with independent vertex subsets: {}, {R}, {A}, {B}, {C}, {R,B}, {R,C}, {A,C}; the largest size (namely 2) is attained by 3 of them.

MAPLE

with(numtheory): A := proc (n) local r, s: r := proc (n) options operator, arrow: op(1, factorset(n)) end proc: s := proc (n) options operator, arrow: n/r(n) end proc: if n = 1 then [x, 1] elif bigomega(n) = 1 then [expand(x*A(pi(n))[2]), expand(A(pi(n))[1])+A(pi(n))[2]] else [sort(expand(A(r(n))[1]*A(s(n))[1]/x)), sort(expand(A(r(n))[2]*A(s(n))[2]))] end if end proc: P := proc (n) options operator, arrow: sort(A(n)[1]+A(n)[2]) end proc: a := proc (n) options operator, arrow: coeff(P(n), x, degree(P(n))) end proc: seq(a(n), n = 1 .. 120);

CROSSREFS

Cf. A212618, A212619, A212620, A212621, A212622, A212623, A212624, A212625, A212627, A212628, A212629, A212630, A212631, A212632.

Sequence in context: A180180 A034931 A248473 * A090402 A026082 A117185

Adjacent sequences:  A212623 A212624 A212625 * A212627 A212628 A212629

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Jun 01 2012

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified January 18 01:36 EST 2019. Contains 319260 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)