login
This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo


Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A208513 Triangle of coefficients of polynomials u(n,x) jointly generated with A111125; see the Formula section. 9
1, 1, 1, 1, 4, 1, 1, 9, 6, 1, 1, 16, 20, 8, 1, 1, 25, 50, 35, 10, 1, 1, 36, 105, 112, 54, 12, 1, 1, 49, 196, 294, 210, 77, 14, 1, 1, 64, 336, 672, 660, 352, 104, 16, 1, 1, 81, 540, 1386, 1782, 1287, 546, 135, 18, 1, 1, 100, 825, 2640, 4290, 4004, 2275, 800, 170 (list; table; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,5

COMMENTS

The columns of A208513 are identical to those of A208509.  Here, however, the alternating row sums are periodic (with period 1,0,-2,-3,-2,0).

From Tom Copeland, Nov 07 2015: (Start)

These polynomials may be expressed in terms of the Faber polynomials of A263916, similar to A127677.

Rephrasing notes in A111125: Append an initial column of zeros except for a 1 at the top to A111125. Then the rows of this entry contain the partial sums of the column sequences of modified A111125; therefore, the difference of consecutive pairs of rows of this entry, modified by appending an initial row of zeros to it, generates the modified A111125. (End)

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..64.

Eric Weisstein's World of Mathematics, Morgan-Voyce polynomials

FORMULA

u(n,x)=u(n-1,x)+x*v(n-1,x),

v(n,x)=u(n-1,x)+(x+1)*v(n-1,x)+1,

where u(1,x)=1, v(1,x)=1.

From Peter Bala, May 01 2012: (Start)

Working with an offset of 0: T(n,0) = 1; T(n,k) = n/k*binomial(n+k-1,2*k-1) = n/k*A078812(n,k) for k > 0. Cf. A156308.

O.g.f.: ((1-t)^2+t^2*x)/((1-t)*((1-t)^2-t*x)) = 1 + (1+x)*t + (1+4*x+x^2)*t^2 + ....

u(n+1,x) = -1 + (b(2*n,x)+1)/b(n,x), where b(n,x) := sum {k = 0..n} binomial(n+k,2*k)*x^k are the Morgan-Voyce polynomials of A085478.

This triangle is formed from the even numbered rows of A211956 with a factor of 2^(k-1) removed from the k-th column entries.

(End)

EXAMPLE

First five rows:

1

1...1

1...4...1

1...9...6...1

1...16...20...8...1

First five polynomials u(n,x):

1

1 + x

1 + 4x + x^2

1 + 9x + 6x^2 + x^3

1 + 16x + 20x^2 + 8x^3 + x^4

MATHEMATICA

u[1, x_] := 1; v[1, x_] := 1; z = 16;

u[n_, x_] := u[n - 1, x] + x*v[n - 1, x];

v[n_, x_] := u[n - 1, x] + (x + 1)*v[n - 1, x] + 1;

Table[Expand[u[n, x]], {n, 1, z/2}]

Table[Expand[v[n, x]], {n, 1, z/2}]

cu = Table[CoefficientList[u[n, x], x], {n, 1, z}];

TableForm[cu]

Flatten[%]  (* A208513 *)

Table[Expand[v[n, x]], {n, 1, z}]

cv = Table[CoefficientList[v[n, x], x], {n, 1, z}];

TableForm[cv]

Flatten[%]  (* A111125 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A111125, A208509. A078812, A085478, A156308, A211956.

Cf. A263916, A127677.

Sequence in context: A136100 A244811 A183153 * A141905 A114188 A110511

Adjacent sequences:  A208510 A208511 A208512 * A208514 A208515 A208516

KEYWORD

nonn,tabl

AUTHOR

Clark Kimberling, Feb 28 2012

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Style Sheet | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

License Agreements, Terms of Use, Privacy Policy. .

Last modified October 15 12:31 EDT 2019. Contains 328026 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)