
COMMENTS

This sequence begins
3, 5, 5, 7, 7, 11, 81, 11, 11, 13, 13, 17, 4431, 17, 17, 19, 19, 23, 25, 23, 23, 29, ?, 29, ?, 29, 29, 31, 31, 37, ?, 37, 51, 37, 37, 41, 81, 41, 41, 43, 43, 47, ?, 47, 47, 53, ?, 53, 3364, 53, 53, 59, ?, 59, ?, 59, 59, 61, 61, 67, ?, 67, ?, 67, 67, 71, ?, 71, 71, 73, 73, 79, 91, 79, ?, 79, 79, 83, ?, 83, 83, 89, ?, 89, ?, 89, 89, 101, ?, 97, ?, 97, 125, 97, 97, 101, ?, 101, 101, 103, 103, 107... where the other missing terms (designated by "?") are > 10^6, if they exist.
For a given n, n being even, among the integers k satisfying the property sigma(kn) = sigma(k)n, we will find prime numbers p, such that p and pn are primes. This is because in that case sigma(pn) = (pn)+1 = (p+1)n = sigma(p)n. For instance, when n is even, for n=2 to 14, a(n) is the first term of A006512, A046132, A046117, A092402, A092146, A092216, A098933. If we restrict to composite numbers, then see A084293.  Michel Marcus, Feb 16 2013
For the missing terms mentioned in first comment, a(n) is > 10^7.  Michel Marcus, Sep 21 2013
