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 A206710 This irregular table contains indices j, k, l,... in each row such that the values Phi(j,-m) < Phi(k,-m)< Phi(l,-m)< ... of cyclotomic polynomials Phi(.,.) are sorted given any constant integer argument m >= 2. 1

%I

%S 1,2,3,4,6,5,12,8,10,7,9,18,14,30,20,24,16,15,11,22,42,13,28,36,21,26,

%T 17,40,48,32,60,34,19,27,54,38,66,44,25,50,33,23,46,70,78,52,90,56,72,

%U 45,84,39,35,29,58,31,62,102,68,80,96,64,120

%N This irregular table contains indices j, k, l,... in each row such that the values Phi(j,-m) < Phi(k,-m)< Phi(l,-m)< ... of cyclotomic polynomials Phi(.,.) are sorted given any constant integer argument m >= 2.

%C Based on A002202 "Values taken by totient function phi(m)", A000010 can only take certain even numbers. So for the worst case, the largest Phi(k,m) with degree d (even positive integer) will be (1-k^(d+1))/(1-k) (or smaller)and the smallest Phi(k,m) with degree d+2 will be (1+k^(d+3))/(1+k) (or larger).

%C (1+k^(d+3))/(1+k)-(1-k^(d+1))/(1-k)=(k/(k^2-1))*(2+k^d*(k^3-(k^2+k+1)))

%C k^3>k^2+k+1 when k>=2.

%C This means that this sequence can be segmented to sets in which Cyclotomic(k,m) shares the same degree of Polynomial and it can be generated in this way.

%e For those k's that make A000010(k) = 1

%e Phi(1,-m) = -1-m

%e Phi(2,-m) = 1-m

%e Phi(1,-m) < Phi(2,-m)

%e So, a(1) = 1, a(2) = 2;

%e For those k's (k > 2) that make A000010(k) = 2

%e Phi(3,-m) = 1 - m + m^2

%e Phi(4,-m) = 1 + m^2

%e Phi(6,-m) = 1 + m + m^2

%e Obviously when integer m > 1, Phi(3,m) < Phi(4,m) < Phi(6,m)

%e So a(3)=3, a(4)=4, and a(5)=6

%e For those k's that make A000010(k) = 4

%e Phi(5,-m) = 1 - m + m^2 - m^3 + m^4

%e Phi(8,-m) = 1 + m^4

%e Phi(10,-m) = 1 + m + m^2 + m^3 + m^4

%e Phi(12,-m) = 1 - m^2 + m^4

%e Obviously when integer m > 1, Phi(5,m) < Phi(12,m) < Phi(8,m) < Phi(10,m),

%e So a(6) = 5, a(7) = 12, a(8) = 8, and a(9) = 10.

%e The table starts

%e 1,2;

%e 3,4,6;

%e 5,12,8,10;

%t t = Select[Range, EulerPhi[#] <= 40 &]; SortBy[t, Cyclotomic[#, -2] &]

%Y Cf. A206292, A194712, A206225, A000010, A032447.

%K nonn,tabf

%O 1,2

%A _Lei Zhou_, Feb 13 2012

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Last modified July 14 10:05 EDT 2020. Contains 335721 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)