

A206487


Number of ordered trees isomorphic (as rooted trees) to the rooted tree having Matula number n.


5



1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 3, 1, 3, 2, 2, 1, 4, 1, 4, 1, 3, 2, 6, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 6, 3, 2, 4, 4, 2, 6, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 5, 1, 3, 2, 6, 1, 4, 2, 4, 2, 4, 1, 12, 3, 2, 3, 1, 4, 6, 1, 3, 2, 6, 3, 10, 2, 6, 3, 3, 2, 12, 2, 5, 1, 4, 1, 12, 2, 4, 4, 4, 4, 12, 4, 3, 2, 4, 2, 6, 1, 3, 3, 6, 4, 6, 1, 8, 6, 2, 3, 10, 2, 6, 6, 5, 6, 6, 2, 6, 6, 2, 2, 20, 1, 6, 4, 3, 1, 12, 1, 1, 4, 12, 1, 12, 2, 2, 4, 4, 2, 6, 2, 12, 4, 6, 4, 15, 4, 4, 3, 9, 2, 12, 6, 4, 3, 6, 2, 24, 3, 4, 2, 6
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OFFSET

1,6


COMMENTS

The MatulaGoebel number of a rooted tree is defined in the following recursive manner: to the onevertex tree there corresponds the number 1; to a tree T with root degree 1 there corresponds the tth prime number, where t is the MatulaGoebel number of the tree obtained from T by deleting the edge emanating from the root; to a tree T with root degree m>=2 there corresponds the product of the MatulaGoebel numbers of the m branches of T.
a(n) = the number of times n occurs in A127301.  Antti Karttunen, Jan 03 2013


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..160.
E. Deutsch, Rooted tree statistics from Matula numbers, arXiv:1111.4288 [math.CO], 2011.
F. Goebel, On a 11correspondence between rooted trees and natural numbers, J. Combin. Theory, B 29 (1980), 141143.
I. Gutman and A. Ivic, On Matula numbers, Discrete Math., 150, 1996, 131142.
I. Gutman and YeongNan Yeh, Deducing properties of trees from their Matula numbers, Publ. Inst. Math., 53 (67), 1993, 1722.
D. W. Matula, A natural rooted tree enumeration by prime factorization, SIAM Rev. 10 (1968) 273.
P. Schultz, Enumeration of rooted trees with an application to group presentations, Discrete Math., 41, 1982, 199214.
Index entries for sequences related to MatulaGoebel numbers


FORMULA

a(1)=1; denoting by p(t) the tth prime, if n = p(n_1)^{k_1}...p(n_r)^{k_r}, then a(n) = a(n_1)^{k_1}...a(n_r)^{k_r}*(k_1 + ... + k_r)!/[(k_1)!...(k_r)!] (see Theorem 1 in the Schultz reference, where the exponents k_j of N(n_j) have been inadvertently omitted).


EXAMPLE

a(4)=1 because the rooted tree with Matula number 4 is V and there is no other ordered tree isomorphic to V. a(6)=2 because the rooted tree corresponding to n = 6 is obtained by joining the trees A  B and C  D  E at their roots A and C. Interchanging their order, we obtain another ordered tree, isomorphic (as rooted tree) to the first one.


MAPLE

with(numtheory): F := proc (n) options operator, arrow: factorset(n) end proc: PD := proc (n) local k, m, j: for k to nops(F(n)) do m[k] := 0: for j while is(n/F(n)[k]^j, integer) = true do m[k] := m[k]+1 end do end do: [seq([F(n)[q], m[q]], q = 1 .. nops(F(n)))] end proc: a := proc (n) if n = 1 then 1 elif bigomega(n) = 1 then a(pi(n)) else mul(a(PD(n)[j][1])^PD(n)[j][2], j = 1 .. nops(F(n)))*factorial(add(PD(n)[k][2], k = 1 .. nops(F(n))))/mul(factorial(PD(n)[k][2]), k = 1 .. nops(F(n))) end if end proc: seq(a(n), n = 1 .. 160);


CROSSREFS

Cf. A127301.
Sequence in context: A284600 A114536 A138010 * A209062 A167204 A304750
Adjacent sequences: A206484 A206485 A206486 * A206488 A206489 A206490


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Apr 14 2012


STATUS

approved



