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A206487 Number of ordered trees isomorphic (as rooted trees) to the rooted tree having Matula number n. 5
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 3, 2, 2, 2, 1, 1, 3, 1, 3, 2, 2, 1, 4, 1, 4, 1, 3, 2, 6, 1, 1, 2, 2, 2, 6, 3, 2, 4, 4, 2, 6, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 5, 1, 3, 2, 6, 1, 4, 2, 4, 2, 4, 1, 12, 3, 2, 3, 1, 4, 6, 1, 3, 2, 6, 3, 10, 2, 6, 3, 3, 2, 12, 2, 5, 1, 4, 1, 12, 2, 4, 4, 4, 4, 12, 4, 3, 2, 4, 2, 6, 1, 3, 3, 6, 4, 6, 1, 8, 6, 2, 3, 10, 2, 6, 6, 5, 6, 6, 2, 6, 6, 2, 2, 20, 1, 6, 4, 3, 1, 12, 1, 1, 4, 12, 1, 12, 2, 2, 4, 4, 2, 6, 2, 12, 4, 6, 4, 15, 4, 4, 3, 9, 2, 12, 6, 4, 3, 6, 2, 24, 3, 4, 2, 6 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,6

COMMENTS

The Matula-Goebel number of a rooted tree is defined in the following recursive manner: to the one-vertex tree there corresponds the number 1; to a tree T with root degree 1 there corresponds the t-th prime number, where t is the Matula-Goebel number of the tree obtained from T by deleting the edge emanating from the root; to a tree T with root degree m>=2 there corresponds the product of the Matula-Goebel numbers of the m branches of T.

a(n) = the number of times n occurs in A127301. - Antti Karttunen, Jan 03 2013

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..160.

E. Deutsch, Rooted tree statistics from Matula numbers, arXiv:1111.4288 [math.CO], 2011.

F. Goebel, On a 1-1-correspondence between rooted trees and natural numbers, J. Combin. Theory, B 29 (1980), 141-143.

I. Gutman and A. Ivic, On Matula numbers, Discrete Math., 150, 1996, 131-142.

I. Gutman and Yeong-Nan Yeh, Deducing properties of trees from their Matula numbers, Publ. Inst. Math., 53 (67), 1993, 17-22.

D. W. Matula, A natural rooted tree enumeration by prime factorization, SIAM Rev. 10 (1968) 273.

P. Schultz, Enumeration of rooted trees with an application to group presentations, Discrete Math., 41, 1982, 199-214.

Index entries for sequences related to Matula-Goebel numbers

FORMULA

a(1)=1; denoting by p(t) the t-th prime, if n = p(n_1)^{k_1}...p(n_r)^{k_r}, then a(n) = a(n_1)^{k_1}...a(n_r)^{k_r}*(k_1 + ... + k_r)!/[(k_1)!...(k_r)!] (see Theorem 1 in the Schultz reference, where the exponents k_j of N(n_j) have been inadvertently omitted).

EXAMPLE

a(4)=1 because the rooted tree with Matula number 4 is V and there is no other ordered tree isomorphic to V. a(6)=2 because the rooted tree corresponding to n = 6 is obtained by joining the trees A - B and C - D - E at their roots A and C. Interchanging their order, we obtain another ordered tree, isomorphic (as rooted tree) to the first one.

MAPLE

with(numtheory): F := proc (n) options operator, arrow: factorset(n) end proc: PD := proc (n) local k, m, j: for k to nops(F(n)) do m[k] := 0: for j while is(n/F(n)[k]^j, integer) = true do m[k] := m[k]+1 end do end do: [seq([F(n)[q], m[q]], q = 1 .. nops(F(n)))] end proc: a := proc (n) if n = 1 then 1 elif bigomega(n) = 1 then a(pi(n)) else mul(a(PD(n)[j][1])^PD(n)[j][2], j = 1 .. nops(F(n)))*factorial(add(PD(n)[k][2], k = 1 .. nops(F(n))))/mul(factorial(PD(n)[k][2]), k = 1 .. nops(F(n))) end if end proc: seq(a(n), n = 1 .. 160);

CROSSREFS

Cf. A127301.

Sequence in context: A284600 A114536 A138010 * A209062 A167204 A304750

Adjacent sequences:  A206484 A206485 A206486 * A206488 A206489 A206490

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Apr 14 2012

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 18 04:47 EST 2019. Contains 319269 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)