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A201990 E.g.f. satisfies: A(x) = 1/(cos(x*A(x)^2) - sin(x*A(x)^2)). 0
1, 1, 7, 95, 1969, 55201, 1956375, 83935039, 4230528353, 245059707841, 16043680004903, 1171567218325151, 94415150206330641, 8323801562833775201, 796927800013656980791, 82342529545666235490431, 9132868398860301753027265, 1082287792241161814647419265 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Compare e.g.f. to: Sum_{n>=0} (2*n+1)^(n-1)*x^n/n! = sqrt((1/x)*Series_Reversion(x*(cosh(x) - sinh(x))^2)).

The radius of convergence r of e.g.f. A(x) is given by:

r = t*(cos(t) - sin(t))^2 where t = (1 - sin(2*t))/(2*cos(2*t)), so that:

r = 0.13127 35638 55724 99317 13322 82818 86189 50670 52604 32023 ...

t = 0.27798 42153 59698 32056 15352 87789 00442 74782 64480 84947 ...

Further, A(r) = 1/(cos(t) - sin(t)), thus

A(r) = 1.45519 57921 91350 02891 97122 64456 17664 48847 98244 19461 ...

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..17.

FORMULA

E.g.f. satisfies: A( x*(cos(x) - sin(x))^2 ) = 1/(cos(x) - sin(x)).

E.g.f: sqrt( (1/x) * Series_Reversion( x*(cos(x) - sin(x))^2 ) ).

a(n) = [x^n/n!] 1/(cos(x)-sin(x))^(2*n+1) / (2*n+1).

a(n) ~ sqrt((t*cos(2*t))/(2*cos(2*t)+4*t*(3+sin(2*t)))) * n^(n-1) / (exp(n) * r^(n+1/2)), where r and t were described above. - Vaclav Kotesovec, Jan 12 2014

EXAMPLE

E.g.f.: A(x) = 1 + x + 7*x^2/2! + 95*x^3/3! + 1969*x^4/4! + 55201*x^5/5! +...

where

1/(cos(x)-sin(x)) = 1 + x + 3*x^2/2! + 11*x^3/3! + 57*x^4/4! + 361*x^5/5! + 2763*x^6/6! + 24611*x^7/7! +...+ A001586(n)*x^n/n! +...

The coefficients of x^n/n! in odd powers of G(x) = 1/(cos(x)-sin(x)) begin:

G^1: [(1), 1, 3, 11, 57, 361, 2763, 24611, ..., A001586(n), ...];

G^3: [1,(3), 15, 93, 705, 6243, 63375, 724413, ...];

G^5: [1, 5,(35), 295, 2905, 32525, 407435, 5638495, ...];

G^7: [1, 7, 63,(665), 8001, 107527, 1592703, 25738265, ...];

G^9: [1, 9, 99, 1251, (17721), 276849, 4716459, 86873211, ...];

G^11:[1, 11, 143, 2101, 34177, (607211), 11668943, 240764821, ...];

G^13:[1, 13, 195, 3263, 59865, 1190293,(25432875), 580193783, ...];

G^15:[1, 15, 255, 4785, 97665, 2146575, 50429055,(1259025585), ...]; ...

where coefficients in parenthesis form the initial terms of this sequence:

[1/1, 3/3, 35/5, 665/7, 17721/9, 607211/11, 25432875/13, 1259025585/15, ...].

MATHEMATICA

CoefficientList[Sqrt[1/x*InverseSeries[Series[x*(Cos[x] - Sin[x])^2, {x, 0, 21}], x]], x] * Range[0, 20]! (* Vaclav Kotesovec, Jan 12 2014 *)

PROG

(PARI) {a(n)=local(X=x+x*O(x^n)); n!*polcoeff(sqrt(1/x*serreverse(x*(cos(X)-sin(X))^2)), n)}

(PARI) {a(n)=local(A=1+x, X=x+x*O(x^n)); for(i=1, n, A=1/(cos(X*A^2) - sin(X*A^2))); n!*polcoeff(A, n)}

(PARI) {a(n)=local(X=x+x*O(x^n), A001586=1/(cos(X)-sin(X))); n!*polcoeff(A001586^(2*n+1), n)/(2*n+1)}

CROSSREFS

Cf. A201923, A001586.

Sequence in context: A036337 A186378 A244856 * A306025 A130183 A156961

Adjacent sequences:  A201987 A201988 A201989 * A201991 A201992 A201993

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Paul D. Hanna, Dec 07 2011

STATUS

approved

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Last modified March 25 22:28 EDT 2019. Contains 321477 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)