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A201073 Record (maximal) gaps between prime quintuplets (p, p+2, p+6, p+8, p+12). 11
6, 90, 1380, 14580, 21510, 88830, 97020, 107100, 112140, 301890, 401820, 577710, 689850, 846210, 857010, 986160, 1655130, 2035740, 2266320, 2467290, 2614710, 3305310, 3530220, 3880050, 3885420, 5290440, 5713800, 6049890 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Prime quintuplets (p, p+2, p+6, p+8, p+12) are one of the two types of densest permissible constellations of 5 primes (A022006 and A022007). Average gaps between prime k-tuples can be deduced from the Hardy-Littlewood k-tuple conjecture and are O(log^k(p)), with k=5 for quintuplets. If a gap is larger than any preceding gap, we call it a maximal gap, or a record gap. Maximal gaps may be significantly larger than average gaps; this sequence suggests that maximal gaps are O(log^6(p)).

A201074 lists initial primes in quintuplets (p, p+2, p+6, p+8, p+12) preceding the maximal gaps. A233432 lists the corresponding primes at the end of the maximal gaps.

REFERENCES

Hardy, G. H. and Littlewood, J. E. "Some Problems of 'Partitio Numerorum.' III. On the Expression of a Number as a Sum of Primes." Acta Math. 44, 1-70, 1923.

LINKS

Alexei Kourbatov, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..64

Tony Forbes, Prime k-tuplets

Alexei Kourbatov, Maximal gaps between prime quintuplets (graphs/data up to 10^15)

A. Kourbatov, Maximal gaps between prime k-tuples: a statistical approach, arXiv preprint arXiv:1301.2242, 2013. - From N. J. A. Sloane, Feb 09 2013

Alexei Kourbatov, Tables of record gaps between prime constellations, arXiv preprint arXiv:1309.4053, 2013.

Alexei Kourbatov, The distribution of maximal prime gaps in Cramer's probabilistic model of primes, arXiv preprint arXiv:1401.6959, 2014

Eric W. Weisstein, k-Tuple Conjecture

FORMULA

(1) Upper bound: gaps between prime quintuplets are smaller than 0.0987*(log p)^6, where p is the prime at the end of the gap.

(2) Estimate for the actual size of the maximal gap that ends at p: maximal gap ~ a(log(p/a)-0.4), where a = 0.0987*(log p)^5 is the average gap between quintuplets near p, as predicted by the Hardy-Littlewood k-tuple conjecture.

Formulas (1) and (2) are asymptotically equal as p tends to infinity. However, (1) yields values greater than all known gaps, while (2) yields "good guesses" that may be either above or below the actual size of known maximal gaps.

Both formulas (1) and (2) are derived from the Hardy-Littlewood k-tuple conjecture via probability-based heuristics relating the expected maximal gap size to the average gap. Neither of the formulas has a rigorous proof (the k-tuple conjecture itself has no formal proof either). In both formulas, the constant ~0.0987 is reciprocal to the Hardy-Littlewood 5-tuple constant 10.1317...

EXAMPLE

The initial four gaps of 6, 90, 1380, 14580 (between quintuplets starting at p=5, 11, 101, 1481, 16061) form an increasing sequence of records. Therefore a(1)=6, a(2)=90, a(3)=1380, and a(4)=14580. The next gap (after 16061) is smaller, so a new term is not added.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A022006 (prime quintuplets p, p+2, p+6, p+8, p+12), A113274, A113404, A200503, A201596, A201598, A201051, A201251, A202281, A202361, A201062, A201074, A002386, A233432.

Sequence in context: A002432 A091800 A037959 * A006480 A138462 A002896

Adjacent sequences:  A201070 A201071 A201072 * A201074 A201075 A201076

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Alexei Kourbatov, Nov 26 2011

STATUS

approved

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Last modified October 21 14:25 EDT 2014. Contains 248377 sequences.