login
This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo


Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A201062 Record (maximal) gaps between prime quintuplets (p, p+4, p+6, p+10, p+12). 11
90, 1770, 2190, 10080, 24360, 35910, 156750, 208620, 304920, 306390, 328020, 422190, 526350, 639330, 706860, 866460, 1030770, 1111620, 1147440, 1151100, 1447530, 1769670, 1793070, 2024610, 2320170, 2335080, 2403570 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Prime quintuplets (p, p+4, p+6, p+10, p+12) are one of the two types of densest permissible constellations of 5 primes (A022006 and A022007). Average gaps between prime k-tuples can be deduced from the Hardy-Littlewood k-tuple conjecture and are O(log^k(p)), with k=5 for quintuplets. If a gap is larger than all preceding gaps, we call it a maximal gap, or a record gap. Maximal gaps may be significantly larger than average gaps; this sequence suggests that maximal gaps between quintuplets are O(log^6(p)).

A201063 lists initial primes in quintuplets (p, p+4, p+6, p+10, p+12) preceding the maximal gaps. A233433 lists the corresponding primes at the end of the maximal gaps.

REFERENCES

Hardy, G. H. and Littlewood, J. E. "Some Problems of 'Partitio Numerorum.' III. On the Expression of a Number as a Sum of Primes." Acta Math. 44, 1-70, 1923.

LINKS

Alexei Kourbatov, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..71

Tony Forbes, Prime k-tuplets

Alexei Kourbatov, Maximal gaps between prime quintuplets (graphs/data up to 10^15)

A. Kourbatov, Maximal gaps between prime k-tuples: a statistical approach, arXiv preprint arXiv:1301.2242, 2013. - From N. J. A. Sloane, Feb 09 2013

Alexei Kourbatov, Tables of record gaps between prime constellations, arXiv preprint arXiv:1309.4053, 2013.

Alexei Kourbatov, The distribution of maximal prime gaps in Cramer's probabilistic model of primes, arXiv preprint arXiv:1401.6959, 2014

Eric W. Weisstein, k-Tuple Conjecture

FORMULA

(1) Upper bound: gaps between prime quintuplets are smaller than 0.0987*(log p)^6, where p is the prime at the end of the gap.

(2) Estimate for the actual size of the maximal gap that ends at p: maximal gap ~ a(log(p/a)-0.4), where a = 0.0987*(log p)^5 is the average gap between quintuplets near p, as predicted by the Hardy-Littlewood k-tuple conjecture.

Formulas (1) and (2) are asymptotically equal as p tends to infinity. However, (1) yields values greater than all known gaps, while (2) yields "good guesses" that may be either above or below the actual size of known maximal gaps.

Both formulas (1) and (2) are derived from the Hardy-Littlewood k-tuple conjecture via probability-based heuristics relating the expected maximal gap size to the average gap. Neither of the formulas has a rigorous proof (the k-tuple conjecture itself has no formal proof either). In both formulas, the constant ~0.0987 is reciprocal to the Hardy-Littlewood 5-tuple constant 10.1317...

EXAMPLE

The gap of 90 between quintuplets starting at p=7 and p=97 is the very first gap, so a(1)=90. The gap of 1770 between quintuplets starting at p=97 and p=1867 is a maximal gap - larger than any preceding gap; therefore a(2)=1770. The gap after p=1867 is smaller, so a new term is not added.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A022007 (prime quintuplets p, p+4, p+6, p+10, p+12), A113274, A113404, A200503, A201596, A201598, A201073, A201051, A201251, A202281, A202361, A201063, A002386, A233433.

Sequence in context: A166799 A001561 A060094 * A240259 A065951 A008393

Adjacent sequences:  A201059 A201060 A201061 * A201063 A201064 A201065

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Alexei Kourbatov, Nov 26 2011

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent | More pages
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

Content is available under The OEIS End-User License Agreement .

Last modified October 23 17:11 EDT 2014. Contains 248468 sequences.