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A198458 Consider triples a<=b<c where (a^2+b^2-c^2)/(c-a-b) =2, ordered by a and then b; sequence gives a values. 0
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 7, 8, 9, 9, 10, 10, 11, 12, 12, 13, 13, 13, 14, 14, 15, 15, 15, 16, 16, 16, 17, 18, 18, 18, 19, 19, 19, 20, 20, 21, 21, 21, 22, 22, 22, 22, 23, 23, 24, 24, 24, 24, 25, 25, 25, 25, 26, 26, 27, 27, 27, 28, 28, 28, 28, 28, 29, 30, 30, 30, 30, 30, 30, 31, 31, 31 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

The definition can be generalized to define Pythagorean k-triples a<=b<c where (a^2+b^2-c^2)/(c-a-b)=k, or where for some integer k, a(a+k) + b(b+k) = c(c+k).

If a, b and c form a Pythagorean k-triple, then na, nb and nc form a Pythagorean nk-triple.

A triangle is defined to be a Pythagorean k-triangle if its sides form a Pythagorean k-triple.

If a, b and c are the sides of a Pythagorean k-triangle ABC with a<=b<c, then cos(C) = -k/(a+b+c+k) which proves that such triangles must be obtuse when k>0 and acute when k<0.  When k=0, the triangles are Pythagorean, as in the Beiler reference and Ron Knottā€™s link. For all k, the area of a Pythagorean k-triangle ABC with a<=b<c equals sqrt((2ab)^2-(k(a+b-c))^2))/4.

REFERENCES

A. H. Beiler, Recreations in the Theory of Numbers, Dover, New York, 1964, pp. 104-134.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..71.

Ron Knott, Pythagorean Triples and Online Calculators

EXAMPLE

3*5 + 6*8 = 7*9

4*6 + 4*6 = 6*8

5*7 + 16*17 = 17*18

6*8 + 10*12 12*14

7*9 + 8*10 = 11*13

7*9 + 30*32 = 31*33

PROG

(True BASIC)

input k

for a = (abs(k)-k+4)/2 to  40

for b = a to (a^2+abs(k)*a+2)/2

  let t = a*(a+k)+b*(b+k)

   let c =int((-k+ (k^2+4*t)^.5)/2)

    if c*(c+k)=t then print a; b; c,

next b

print

next a

end

CROSSREFS

Cf. A103606, A198454-A198469.

Sequence in context: A121854 A196119 A225852 * A134483 A121151 A088243

Adjacent sequences:  A198455 A198456 A198457 * A198459 A198460 A198461

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Charlie Marion, Nov 15 2011

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 18 04:48 EST 2020. Contains 332011 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)