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A198322 The Matula-Goebel numbers of the rooted trees that have palindromic Wiener polynomials. 0
1, 2, 7, 8, 56, 76, 107, 147, 163, 292, 454, 839, 1433, 4221, 5833, 6137, 7987, 8626, 16216, 17059, 17128, 17764, 23438, 25672, 36812, 41203, 45952, 46428, 51768, 60635, 83009, 86716, 86908, 88321, 91951, 93534, 94542, 99141, 100142, 108848, 120357, 124783, 133741, 136768, 137941, 140079, 142424, 145404, 145654 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

The Wiener polynomials are assumed to have zero constant terms.

The Matula-Goebel number of a rooted tree can be defined in the following recursive manner: to the one-vertex tree there corresponds the number 1; to a tree T with root degree 1 there corresponds the t-th prime number, where t is the Matula-Goebel number of the tree obtained from T by deleting the edge emanating from the root; to a tree T with root degree m>=2 there corresponds the product of the Matula-Goebel numbers of the m branches of T.

REFERENCES

F. Goebel, On a 1-1-correspondence between rooted trees and natural numbers, J. Combin. Theory, B 29 (1980), 141-143.

I. Gutman and A. Ivic, On Matula numbers, Discrete Math., 150, 1996, 131-142.

I. Gutman and Yeong-Nan Yeh, Deducing properties of trees from their Matula numbers, Publ. Inst. Math., 53 (67), 1993, 17-22.

D. W. Matula, A natural rooted tree enumeration by prime factorization, SIAM Review, 10, 1968, 273.

B. E. Sagan, Y-N. Yeh and P. Zhang, The Wiener Polynomial of a Graph, Internat. J. of Quantum Chem., 60, 1996, 959-969.

G. Caporossi, A. A. Dobrynin, I. Gutman, and P. Hansen, Trees with palindromic Hosoya polynomials, Graph Theory Notes of New York, XXXVI, 1999, 10-16.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..49.

Index entries for sequences related to Matula-Goebel numbers

FORMULA

The Wiener polynomial W(n,x) of the rooted tree corresponding to the Matula-Goebel number n is given in A196059. It is palindromic if and only if x^{1+degree(W(n,x))}*W(n,1/x)=W(n,x).

EXAMPLE

7 is in the sequence because the rooted tree with Matula-Goebel number 7 is Y; 3 distances are equal to 1 and 3 distances are equal to 2; Wiener polynomial is 3x+3x^2.

MAPLE

with(numtheory): W := proc (n) local r, s, R: r := proc (n) options operator, arrow: op(1, factorset(n)) end proc: s := proc (n) options operator, arrow: n/r(n) end proc: R := proc (n) if n = 1 then 0 elif bigomega(n) = 1 then sort(expand(x*R(pi(n))+x)) else sort(expand(R(r(n))+R(s(n)))) end if end proc: if n = 1 then 0 elif bigomega(n) = 1 then sort(expand(W(pi(n))+x*R(pi(n))+x)) else sort(expand(W(r(n))+W(s(n))+R(r(n))*R(s(n)))) end if end proc: A := {}: for n to 100000 do if expand(x^(1+degree(W(n)))*subs(x = 1/x, W(n))) = W(n) then A := `union`(A, {n}) else  end if end do: A;

CROSSREFS

A196059

Sequence in context: A001493 A000637 A250715 * A252661 A222134 A011355

Adjacent sequences:  A198319 A198320 A198321 * A198323 A198324 A198325

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Oct 24 2011

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 16 15:53 EST 2019. Contains 319195 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)