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A193832 Irregular triangle read by rows in which row n lists 2n-1 copies of 2n-1 and n copies of 2n, for n >= 1. 8
1, 2, 3, 3, 3, 4, 4, 5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8, 8, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 11, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 12, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 13, 14, 14, 14, 14, 14, 14, 14 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

Sequence of successive positive integers k in which if k is odd then k appears k times, otherwise if k is even then k appears k/2 times.

Note that an arrangement of the blocks of this sequence shows the growth of the generalized pentagonal numbers A001318 (see example).

The sums of each block give the positive integers of A129194: 1, 2, 9, 8, 25, 18, 49,...

Partial sums of A080995. - Paolo P. Lava, Aug 23 2011.

Concatenations of rows of triangles A001650 and A111650; also, seen as a flat list, the row lengths of triangle A260672 and the first differences of its row sums (cf. A260706). - Reinhard Zumkeller, Nov 17 2015

Also a(n) = number of squares in the arithmetic progression {24k + 1: 0 <= k <= n-1} [Granville]. - N. J. A. Sloane, Dec 13 2017

LINKS

Reinhard Zumkeller, Rows n = 1..150 of triangle, flattened

Andrew Granville, Squares in arithmetic progressions and infinitely many primes, arXiv:1708.06951 [math.NT], 2017.

Andrew Granville, Squares in arithmetic progressions and infinitely many primes, The American Mathematical Monthly, 124.10 (2017): 951-954. See p. 952.

FORMULA

a(n) = sqrt(8n/3) plus or minus 1 [Granville] - N. J. A. Sloane, Dec 13 2017

If 8 <= n <= 52, then a(n-1) < a(n) if and only if n is in A221672. - Jonathan Sondow, Dec 14 2017

EXAMPLE

a) If written as a triangle the initial rows are

  1, 2,

  3, 3, 3, 4, 4,

  5, 5, 5, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6,

  7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8, 8,

  9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 9, 10, 10, 10, 10, 10,

  ...

Row sums give A126587.

b) An application using the blocks of this sequence: the illustration of the growth of an arrangement which represents the generalized pentagonal numbers A001318. For example; the first 9 positive initial terms: 1, 2, 5, 7, 12, 15, 22, 26, 35.

.

.         9

.       8 9

.     8 7 9

.   8 6 7 9

. 8 6 5 7 9

. 6 4 5 7 9

. 4 3 5 7 9

. 2 3 5 7 9

. 1 3 5 7 9

...

MATHEMATICA

Array[Join @@ MapIndexed[ConstantArray[#, #/(1 + Boole[First@ #2 == 2])] &, {2 # - 1, 2 #}] &, 7] // Flatten (* or *)

Table[If[k <= 2 n - 1, 2 n - 1, 2 n], {n, 7}, {k, 3 n - 1}] // Flatten (* Michael De Vlieger, Dec 14 2017 *)

PROG

(Haskell)

a193832 n k = a193832_tabf !! (n-1) !! (k-1)

a193832_row n = a193832_tabf !! (n-1)

a193832_tabf = zipWith (++) a001650_tabf a111650_tabl

a193832' n = a193832_list !! (n - 1)

a193832_list = concat a193832_tabf

-- Reinhard Zumkeller, Nov 15 2015

CROSSREFS

Cf. A001318, A080995, A126587, A129194, A221671, A221672.

Cf. A001650, A111650, A260672, A260706.

Sequence in context: A029119 A178042 A308950 * A293137 A087823 A230418

Adjacent sequences:  A193829 A193830 A193831 * A193833 A193834 A193835

KEYWORD

nonn,easy,tabf

AUTHOR

Omar E. Pol, Aug 22 2011

EXTENSIONS

Edited by N. J. A. Sloane, Dec 13 2017

STATUS

approved

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Last modified November 27 05:27 EST 2020. Contains 338678 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)