

A191438


Dispersion of ([n*sqrt(2)+n]), where [ ]=floor, by antidiagonals.


5



1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 5, 9, 16, 12, 6, 21, 38, 28, 14, 8, 50, 91, 67, 33, 19, 10, 120, 219, 161, 79, 45, 24, 11, 289, 528, 388, 190, 108, 57, 26, 13, 697, 1274, 936, 458, 260, 137, 62, 31, 15, 1682, 3075, 2259, 1105, 627, 330, 149, 74, 36, 17, 4060, 7423, 5453
(list;
table;
graph;
refs;
listen;
history;
text;
internal format)



OFFSET

1,2


COMMENTS

Background discussion: Suppose that s is an increasing sequence of positive integers, that the complement t of s is infinite, and that t(1)=1. The dispersion of s is the array D whose nth row is (t(n), s(t(n)), s(s(t(n)), s(s(s(t(n)))), ...). Every positive integer occurs exactly once in D, so that, as a sequence, D is a permutation of the positive integers. The sequence u given by u(n)=(number of the row of D that contains n) is a fractal sequence. Examples:
(1) s=A000040 (the primes), D=A114537, u=A114538.
(2) s=A022343 (without initial 0), D=A035513 (Wythoff array), u=A003603.
(3) s=A007067, D=A035506 (Stolarsky array), u=A133299.
More recent examples of dispersions: A191426A191455.


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..58.


EXAMPLE

Northwest corner:
1.....2....4....9....21
3.....7....16...38...91
5.....12...28...67...161
6.....14...33...79...190
8.....19...45...108..260


MATHEMATICA

(* Program generates the dispersion array T of increasing sequence f[n] *)
r=40; r1=12; c=40; c1=12; x = Sqr[2];
f[n_] := Floor[n*x+n] (* complement of column 1 *)
mex[list_] := NestWhile[#1 + 1 &, 1, Union[list][[#1]] <= #1 &, 1, Length[Union[list]]]
rows = {NestList[f, 1, c]};
Do[rows = Append[rows, NestList[f, mex[Flatten[rows]], r]], {r}];
t[i_, j_] := rows[[i, j]];
TableForm[Table[t[i, j], {i, 1, 10}, {j, 1, 10}]]
(* A191438 array *)
Flatten[Table[t[k, n  k + 1], {n, 1, c1}, {k, 1, n}]] (* A191438 sequence *)
(* Program by Peter J. C. Moses, Jun 01 2011 *)


CROSSREFS

Cf. A114537, A035513, A035506, A191438.
Sequence in context: A257726 A183089 A191544 * A191730 A233560 A245703
Adjacent sequences: A191435 A191436 A191437 * A191439 A191440 A191441


KEYWORD

nonn,tabl


AUTHOR

Clark Kimberling, Jun 04 2011


STATUS

approved



