

A190874


First differences of A179196, pi(R_(n+1))  pi(R_n) where R_n is A104272(n).


10



4, 2, 3, 3, 2, 2, 2, 1, 5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 3, 2, 1, 7, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 3, 3, 1, 5, 1, 3, 1, 5, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 4, 4, 1, 2, 8, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 5, 1, 1, 1, 1, 3, 5, 1, 2, 2, 3, 4, 2, 1, 1, 3, 1, 4, 7, 1, 1, 2, 3, 3, 2, 1, 1, 3, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 5, 2, 3
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OFFSET

1,1


COMMENTS

The count of primes of the interval(R_n,R_(n+1)] where R_n is A104272(n).
The sequence A182873 is the first difference of Ramanujan primes R_(n+1) R_n. While each nonRamanujan prime is bound by Ramanujan primes, the maximal nonRamanujan prime gap is less than the maximal Ramanujan prime gap, A182873, and the ratio of a(n)/A182873(n) is the average gap size at R_n.
Record terms of n, a(n) are in A202186, A202187. Each record term value of a(n)  1 is the index m of A168425(m). A202188 is the index of A168425 when A174641(n) = A168425(m), it has repeated values of A202187.
Starting at index n = A191228(A174602(m)) in this sequence, the first instance of a count of m  1 consecutive 1's is seen.
Limit inferior of a(n) is positive, because there are infinitely many Ramanujan primes and each term of the sequence is >= 1.
Limit superior of a(n)/log(pi(R_n)) is positive infinity. Equivalently, there are infinitely many n > 0 such that pi(R_(n+1)) > pi(R_n) + t log(pi(R_n)), for every t > 0.
For all n > 3, a(n) < n.
a(n) = rho(n+1)  rho(n) using rho(x) as defined in Sondow, Nicholson, Noe.


LINKS

T. D. Noe, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000
J. Sondow, J. W. Nicholson, and T. D. Noe, Ramanujan Primes: Bounds, Runs, Twins, and Gaps, arXiv:1105.2249 [math.NT], 2011; J. Integer Seq. 14 (2011) Article 11.6.2.


FORMULA

a(n) = pi(R_(n+1))  pi(R_n) or
a(n) = A000720(A104272(n+1))  A000720(A104272(n)).
a(n) = A179196(n+1)  A179196(n).


EXAMPLE

R(4) = 29, the fourth Ramanujan prime, the next Ramanujan prime is a(4) = 3 primes away or R(5) = 41.


MATHEMATICA

nn = 100;
R = Table[0, {nn}]; s = 0; Do[If[PrimeQ[k], s++]; If[PrimeQ[k/2], s]; If[s<nn, R[[s+1]] = k], {k, Prime[3 nn]}];
R = R + 1;
PrimePi[R] // Differences (* JeanFrançois Alcover, Nov 11 2018, after T. D. Noe in A104272 *)


CROSSREFS

Cf. A179196, A104272, A000720, A168421, A168425, A182873, A202186, A202187, A202188, A174641, A191228, A174602.
Sequence in context: A073244 A106644 A345996 * A307367 A136626 A079623
Adjacent sequences: A190871 A190872 A190873 * A190875 A190876 A190877


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

John W. Nicholson, May 22 2011


STATUS

approved



