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A189937 a(n) = n + [n*s/r] + [n*t/r]; r=1, s=sin(pi/8), t=cos(pi/8). 3
1, 3, 6, 8, 10, 13, 15, 18, 20, 22, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 36, 38, 40, 43, 45, 48, 50, 52, 55, 57, 59, 61, 63, 66, 68, 70, 73, 75, 78, 80, 82, 85, 87, 89, 91, 93, 96, 98, 100, 103, 105, 107, 110, 112, 115, 117, 119, 121, 123, 126, 128, 130, 133, 135, 137, 140, 142, 145, 147, 149, 151, 153, 156, 158, 160, 163, 165, 167, 170, 172, 175, 177 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

This is one of three sequences that partition the positive integers.  In general, suppose that r, s, t are positive real numbers for which the sets {i/r: i>=1}, {j/s: j>=1}, {k/t: k>=1} are pairwise disjoint.  Let a(n) be the rank of n/r when all the numbers in the three sets are jointly ranked.  Define b(n) and c(n) as the ranks of n/s and n/t.  It is easy to prove that

a(n) = n + [n*s/r] + [n*t/r],

b(n) = n + [n*r/s] + [n*t/s],

c(n) = n + [n*r/t] + [n*s/t], where []=floor.

Taking r=1, s=sin(pi/8), t=cos(pi/8) gives

a=A189937, b=A189938, c=A189939.

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

FORMULA

A189937:  a(n) = n + [n*sin(pi/8)] + [n*cos(pi/8)].

A189938:  b(n) = n + [n*csc(pi/8)] + [n*cot(pi/8)].

A189939:  c(n) = n + [n*sec(pi/8)] + [n*tan(pi/8)].

MATHEMATICA

r=1; s=Sin[Pi/8]; t=Cos[Pi/8];

a[n_] := n + Floor[n*s/r] + Floor[n*t/r];

b[n_] := n + Floor[n*r/s] + Floor[n*t/s];

c[n_] := n + Floor[n*r/t] + Floor[n*s/t];

Table[a[n], {n, 1, 120}]  (*A189937*)

Table[b[n], {n, 1, 120}]  (*A189938*)

Table[c[n], {n, 1, 120}]  (*A189939*)

PROG

(PARI) for(n=1, 100, print1(n + floor(n*sin(Pi/8)) + floor(n*cos(Pi/8)), ", ")) \\ G. C. Greubel, Jan 13 2018

(MAGMA) C<i> := ComplexField(); [n + Floor(n*Sin(Pi(C)/8)) + Floor(n*Cos(Pi(C)/8)): n in [1..100]]; // G. C. Greubel, Jan 13 2018

CROSSREFS

Cf. A189938, A189939.

Sequence in context: A304500 A047282 A304497 * A190325 A064437 A287180

Adjacent sequences:  A189934 A189935 A189936 * A189938 A189939 A189940

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Clark Kimberling, May 01 2011

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 13 08:08 EST 2019. Contains 329968 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)