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A187449 Number of ways to choose three elements from the multiset representative corresponding to the k-th multiset repetition class defining partition of n in Abramowitz-Stegun order. 3
0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 3, 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1, 5, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1, 4, 6, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1, 7, 6, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1, 8, 7, 7, 6, 4, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1, 10, 8, 8, 7, 6, 4, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1, 11, 8, 8, 7, 6, 4, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1, 10, 11, 9, 8, 8, 7, 7, 4, 6, 4, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1, 14, 13, 12, 11, 9, 8, 8, 7, 7, 4, 6, 4, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1, 15, 14, 12, 11, 9, 8, 8, 7, 7, 4, 6, 4, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1, 18, 15, 14, 10, 12, 9, 11, 9, 7, 8, 8, 7, 4, 7, 4, 6, 4, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1, 19, 15, 15, 14, 12, 10, 12, 9, 11, 9, 7, 8, 8, 7, 4, 7, 4, 6, 4, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1, 16, 19, 15, 15, 14, 12, 10, 12, 9, 11, 9, 7, 8, 8, 7, 4, 7, 4, 6, 4, 4, 4, 3, 2, 1 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,8

COMMENTS

This array a(n,k), called (Multiset choose 3), is also denoted by MS(3;n,k). It is the third member of an l-family of arrays for multiset choose l, called MS(l;n,k).

The length of row n of this array is A007294(n).

MS(3;n,k) gives the number of ways to choose three elements from the multiset encoded by the k-th multiset repetition class defining partition of n. The Abramowitz-Stegun (A-St) order for partitions is used (see A036036). For the characteristic array of multiset repetition class defining partitions of n in A-St order see A176723.

Note that multiset choose l should not be confused with N multichoose l (see, e.g., Wolfram's Mathworld). Here one picks from a multiset l=3 of its elements.

Ordinary sets appear exactly for n=T(N), with the triangular numbers T(N):=A000217(N). They are defined by the partition 1,2,...,N, and a(T(N),1)= binomial(N,3). For n=0 the empty multiset appears.

REFERENCES

See A176725.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..192.

FORMULA

a(n,k) gives the number of ways to choose three elements from any multiset of the repetition class defined by the k-th multiset repetition class defining partition of n, with k=1,...,A007294(n).

a(n,k) = binomial(MS(1;n,k)+2,3) - (m(n,k)[2] + MS(1;n,k)*m(n,k)[1]), with MS(1;n,k):=A176725(n,k), and m(n,k)[j] the j-th member of the multiplicity list m(n,k) of the exponents of the k-th multiset repetition class defining partition of n.

EXAMPLE

[0],

[0],

[0],

[0,1],

[1,1],

[2,1],

[1,2,2,1],

[3,3,2,1],

[4,3,2,1],

[5,4,4,3,2,1],

[4,6,4,4,3,2,1],

[7,6,4,4,3,2,1],

...

a(6,2)=MS(3;6,2)=2 because the second multiset repetition class defining partition of n=6 is [1^2,2^2] (from the characteristic array A176723) encoding the 4-multiset representative {1,1,2,2}, and there are 2 possibilities to choose 3 elements from this set, namely 1,1,2  and 1,2,2.

a(T(4),1)=a(10,1)=MS(3;10,1) = 4 from the ordinary set {1,2,3,4} (defined by the multiset repetition class defining partition 1,2,3,4). This coincides with binomial(4,3)=4.

a(7,3)=MS(3;7,3)=2 from {1,1,1,1,1,2} choose 3 which is 2, namely 1,1,1 and 1,1,2. The corresponding multiset repetition class defining partition has exponent list [5,1] and this is the 15th in the A-St ordered list of such partitions.

a(8,2) = 3 = binomial(2+2,3) - (1+2*0), because the relevant partition has exponents [4,2] (corresponding to the 6-multiset representative {1,1,1,1,2,2}) with MS(1;8,2)= 2, and the multiplicity list of the exponents is m(8,2)=[0,1,0,1]. Hence m(8,2)[2]=1 and m(8,2)[1]=0. The three choices are 1,1,1; 1,1,2 and 1,2,2.

a(10,3)= 4 = binomial(3+2,2) - (0+3*2)= 10-6, corresponding to the 7-multiset representative {1,1,1,1,1,2,3} with MS(1;10,3)= 3, exponents [5,1,1] with multiplicity list m(10,3)=[2,0,0,0,1]. Hence m(10,3)[2]=0 and  m(10,3)[1]=2. The four choices are 1,1,1; 1,1,2; 1,1,3 and 1,2,3.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A176725: MS(1;n,k), A187445: MS(2;n,k).

Sequence in context: A008612 A029320 A187450 * A102541 A243928 A286363

Adjacent sequences:  A187446 A187447 A187448 * A187450 A187451 A187452

KEYWORD

nonn,tabf

AUTHOR

Wolfdieter Lang, Mar 15 2011

EXTENSIONS

Changed (in response to comments from Franklin T. Adams-Watters) by Wolfdieter Lang, Apr 02 2011

STATUS

approved

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Last modified May 24 17:57 EDT 2022. Contains 354043 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)