login
This site is supported by donations to The OEIS Foundation.

 

Logo

Annual Appeal: Today, Nov 11 2014, is the 4th anniversary of the launch of the new OEIS web site. 70,000 sequences have been added in these four years, all edited by volunteers. Please make a donation (tax deductible in the US) to help keep the OEIS running.

Hints
(Greetings from The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences!)
A184159 The difference between the levels of the highest and lowest leaves in the rooted tree with Matula-Goebel number n. 0
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 2, 0, 3, 0, 1, 0, 2, 0, 1, 2, 2, 0, 0, 2, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 1, 1, 1, 3, 1, 2, 1, 1, 0, 2, 1, 2, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 3, 0, 2, 1, 4, 0, 0, 1, 3, 0, 2, 1, 2, 2, 1, 0, 2, 1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 2, 0, 3, 0, 1, 0, 2, 2, 3, 1, 2, 1, 2, 3, 3, 1, 1, 0, 1, 2, 2, 2, 2, 0, 2, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 3 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,10

COMMENTS

The Matula-Goebel number of a rooted tree is defined in the following recursive manner: to the one-vertex tree there corresponds the number 1; to a tree T with root degree 1 there corresponds the t-th prime number, where t is the Matula-Goebel number of the tree obtained from T by deleting the edge emanating from the root; to a tree T with root degree m>=2 there corresponds the product of the Matula-Goebel numbers of the m branches of T.

REFERENCES

F. Goebel, On a 1-1-correspondence between rooted trees and natural numbers, J. Combin. Theory, B 29 (1980), 141-143.

I. Gutman and A. Ivic, On Matula numbers, Discrete Math., 150, 1996, 131-142.

I. Gutman and Yeong-Nan Yeh, Deducing properties of trees from their Matula numbers, Publ. Inst. Math., 53 (67), 1993, 17-22.

D. W. Matula, A natural rooted tree enumeration by prime factorization, SIAM Review, 10, 1968, 273.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..110.

E. Deutsch, Tree statistics from Matula numbers, arXiv preprint arXiv:1111.4288, 2011

FORMULA

In A184154 one constructs for each n the generating polynomial P(n,x) of the leaves of the rooted tree with Matula-Goebel number n, according to their levels. a(n) = degree of the numerator of P(n,1/x) (see the Maple program).

EXAMPLE

a(7)=0 because the rooted tree with Matula-Goebel number 7 is the rooted tree Y with all leaves at level 2.

a(2^m)=0 because the rooted tree with Matula-Goebel number 2^m is the star with m edges; all leaves are at level 1.

MAPLE

with(numtheory): a := proc (n) local r, s, P: r := proc (n) options operator, arrow: op(1, factorset(n)) end proc: s := proc (n) options operator, arrow: n/r(n) end proc: P := proc (n) if n = 1 then 1 elif bigomega(n) = 1 then sort(expand(x*P(pi(n)))) else sort(P(r(n))+P(s(n))) end if end proc: degree(numer(subs(x = 1/x, P(n)))) end proc; seq(a(n), n = 1 .. 110);

CROSSREFS

Cf. A184154

Sequence in context: A141684 A152492 A075446 * A231122 A178686 A142724

Adjacent sequences:  A184156 A184157 A184158 * A184160 A184161 A184162

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Oct 17 2011

STATUS

approved

Lookup | Welcome | Wiki | Register | Music | Plot 2 | Demos | Index | Browse | More | WebCam
Contribute new seq. or comment | Format | Transforms | Superseeker | Recent | More pages
The OEIS Community | Maintained by The OEIS Foundation Inc.

Content is available under The OEIS End-User License Agreement .

Last modified November 24 02:09 EST 2014. Contains 249867 sequences.