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A183162 Least integer k such that floor(k*sqrt(n+1))>k*sqrt(n). 7
1, 3, 2, 1, 5, 3, 2, 3, 1, 7, 4, 3, 2, 3, 4, 1, 9, 5, 3, 5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 1, 11, 6, 4, 3, 5, 2, 5, 3, 4, 6, 1, 13, 7, 5, 4, 3, 7, 2, 5, 3, 4, 5, 7, 1, 15, 8, 5, 4, 3, 5, 7, 2, 5, 3, 7, 4, 6, 8, 1, 17, 9, 6, 5, 4, 3, 5, 7, 2, 5, 8, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 1, 19, 10, 7, 5, 4, 7, 3, 5, 9 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

The above definition is equivalent to this:  least

positive integer k such that one of the following holds:

  (1) there is an integer J such that

      n*k^2 < J^2 < (n+1)*k^2; or

  (2) there is an integer J such that (n+1)*k^2 = J^2.

Note that (1) is equivalent to the existence of a rational

number H with denominator k such that

      n < H^2 < n+1.

Positions of 1:  A005563.

Positions of 2: 2*A000217.

Positions of 2n+1: A000290.

LINKS

Hugo Pfoertner, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

Michael Weiss, On the Distribution of Rational Squares, arXiv:1510.07362 [math.NT], 2015.

EXAMPLE

The results are easily read from an array of k*sqrt(n),

represented here by approximations:

1.00 1.41 1.73 2.00 2.24 2.45 2.65

2.00 2.83 3.46 4.00 4.47 4.90 5.29

3.00 4.24 5.20 6.00 6.71 7.35 7.94

4.00 5.66 6.93 8.00 8.94 9.80 10.58

MATHEMATICA

Table[k = 1; While[Floor[k Sqrt[n + 1]] <= k Sqrt@ n, k++]; k, {n, 120}] (* Michael De Vlieger, Aug 14 2016 *)

CROSSREFS

Cf. A183163, A183164, A005563, A000217, A000290, A275817.

Sequence in context: A278817 A171746 A113977 * A019587 A102427 A080883

Adjacent sequences:  A183159 A183160 A183161 * A183163 A183164 A183165

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Clark Kimberling, Dec 27 2010

EXTENSIONS

Added a(0)=1 and changed b-file. - N. J. A. Sloane, Aug 16 2016

STATUS

approved

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Last modified December 9 23:16 EST 2016. Contains 278993 sequences.