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A182897 Number of (1,-1)-returns to the horizontal axis in all weighted lattice paths in L_n. The members of L_n are paths of weight n that start at (0,0) , end on the horizontal axis and whose steps are of the following four kinds: an (1,0)-step with weight 1, an (1,0)-step with weight 2, a (1,1)-step with weight 2, and a (1,-1)-step with weight 1. The weight of a path is the sum of the weights of its steps. 2
0, 0, 0, 1, 3, 9, 27, 76, 211, 580, 1578, 4267, 11484, 30789, 82301, 219465, 584060, 1551770, 4117061, 10910049, 28881387, 76387179, 201875129, 533145603, 1407161007, 3711981168, 9787157469, 25793933410, 67952779665, 178954077522 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,5

COMMENTS

a(n)=Sum(k*A182896(n,k), k>=0).

REFERENCES

M. Bona and A. Knopfmacher, On the probability that certain compositions have the same number of parts, Ann. Comb., 14 (2010), 291-306.

E. Munarini, N. Zagaglia Salvi, On the rank polynomial of the lattice of order ideals of fences and crowns, Discrete Mathematics 259 (2002), 163-177.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..29.

FORMULA

G.f.:  G(z)=z^3*c/[(1+z+z^2)(1-3z+z^2)], where c satisfies c = 1+zc+z^2*c+z^3*c^2.

a(n) ~ ((1 + sqrt(5))/2)^(2*n+1) / (4*sqrt(5)). - Vaclav Kotesovec, Mar 06 2016

EXAMPLE

a(3)=1 because, denoting by h (H) the (1,0)-step of weight 1 (2), and u=(1,1), d=(1,-1), the five paths of weight 3 are ud, du, hH, Hh, and hhh; they contain 1+0+0+0+0=1  (1,-1)-return to the horizontal axis.

MAPLE

eq := c = 1+z*c+z^2*c+z^3*c^2: c := RootOf(eq, c): G := z^3*c/((1+z+z^2)*(1-3*z+z^2)): Gser := series(G, z = 0, 32): seq(coeff(Gser, z, n), n = 0 .. 29);

MATHEMATICA

CoefficientList[Series[x^3*(1 - x - x^2 - Sqrt[1+x^4-2*x^3-x^2-2*x]) / (2*x^3*(1+x+x^2)*(1-3*x+x^2)), {x, 0, 20}], x] (* Vaclav Kotesovec, Mar 06 2016 *)

CROSSREFS

A182896

Sequence in context: A269684 A330079 A135415 * A228734 A048481 A269488

Adjacent sequences:  A182894 A182895 A182896 * A182898 A182899 A182900

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Dec 13 2010

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 10 06:54 EDT 2021. Contains 342843 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)