

A181784


Numerators of a series sum related to a game of chance.


1



1, 1, 4, 22, 140, 969, 7084, 53820, 420732, 3782992, 32389076, 275617830, 2350749914, 20140518790, 173429992350, 1500850805160, 14550277251918, 133009333771170, 1198324107797254
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OFFSET

0,3


COMMENTS

Consider a 1dimensional random walk from 0 with equalprobability steps of Pi and 1. One way to compute the probability of eventually walking below 0 is as the sum over n of the probabilities of becoming negative after a walk with exactly n steps of Pi (n >=0) and max(ceil(n*pi),1) steps of 1. The total number of walks of such length for a given n is 2^(n+max(ceil(n*pi),1)), or 2^(n+A004084(n)) (n>=1), forming a sequence of denominators, and this sequence gives the numerators, the number of possible sequences of length (n+max(ceil(n*pi),1)) drawn from {Pi, 1} such that no partial sum except the total sum is < 0.
See the Munafo web page for complete description.
a(n) diverges from A002293 because pi is not exactly 3.


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..18.
R. Munafo, Related to a Game of Chance
"My Math Forum" discussion thread, I give, duz... what is it?
"duz" blog entry, Random Walking


EXAMPLE

Numerators of series sum 1/2 + 1/32 + 4/512 + 22/8192 + 140/131072 + ...


CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A216712 A240586 A002293 * A003287 A077056 A227404
Adjacent sequences: A181781 A181782 A181783 * A181785 A181786 A181787


KEYWORD

nonn,frac


AUTHOR

Robert Munafo, Dec 21 2010


EXTENSIONS

a(18) from Robert Munafo, Dec 22 2010


STATUS

approved



