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A180967 Number of n-game win/loss series that contain at least one dead game. 1
0, 0, 4, 4, 20, 24, 88, 116, 372, 520, 1544, 2248, 6344, 9520, 25904, 39796, 105332, 164904, 427048, 679064, 1727640, 2783440, 6977744, 11368904, 28146120, 46307664, 113416528, 188202256, 456637712, 763506784 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,3

COMMENTS

A series of n games are played between two teams. The outcome of each game is either a win or a loss (there are no draws). A team wins the whole series if it wins k=floor(n/2)+1 games or more. If a team reaches k wins then the games that follow (if there are any) are dead games, because their outcome cannot affect the outcome of the series.

Number of n-game series whose outcome is decided in the last game is A063886(n).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..30.

FORMULA

The last game is "alive" if and only if the result of the first n-1 games

is either (if n is odd) (n-1)/2 wins for both teams, or (if n is even) n/2 wins for one and n/2-1 for the other. Hence a(n)=2^n - 2C(n-1,(n-1)/2) for odd n and a(n)=2^n - 4C(n-1,n/2) for even n. - Robert Israel, Jan 28 2011

-n*a(n) +n*a(n-1) +2*(3*n-5)*a(n-2) +4*(-n+1)*a(n-3) +8*(-n+4)*a(n-4)=0. - R. J. Mathar, May 19 2014

EXAMPLE

We can represent an n-game series as a binary string of length n, where '0' means a loss for the first team and '1' means a win for the first team. For n=3 there are 2^3=8 possible game series. Out of these there are 4 that contain at least one dead game (the last one): 000, 001, 110, 111. Hence a(3)=4.

MATHEMATICA

f[n_] := 2^n - 2*If[ OddQ@ n, Binomial[n - 1, (n - 1)/2], 2 Binomial[n - 1, n/2]]; Array[f, 30] (* Robert G. Wilson v *)

CROSSREFS

See A181618 for win/loss/draw series.

Sequence in context: A087213 A117857 A165559 * A231884 A052923 A014433

Adjacent sequences:  A180964 A180965 A180966 * A180968 A180969 A180970

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Dmitry Kamenetsky, Jan 28 2011

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 18 14:32 EDT 2017. Contains 290720 sequences.