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A180735 Expansion of (1+x)*(1-x)/(1 - x + x^2 + x^3). 2
1, 1, -1, -3, -3, 1, 7, 9, 1, -15, -25, -11, 29, 65, 47, -47, -159, -159, 47, 365, 477, 65, -777, -1319, -607, 1489, 3415, 2533, -2371, -8319, -8481, 2209, 19009, 25281, 4063, -40227, -69571, -33407, 76391, 179369, 136385 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,4

COMMENTS

Let r1 be the tribonacci constant A058265, and r2 = -0.41964... + 0.6062...*i, where i = sqrt(-1), and r3 the complex conjugate of r2, the other constants also defined in A058265.

A formula in terms of cubic roots is known for r1 (see A058265), and Re(r2) = Re(r3) = (1-r1)/2 and Im(r2) = -Im(r3) = sqrt( 1/r1-Re^2(r2)).

Then the denominator of the g.f. is (x+r1)*(x+r2)*(x+r3) = x^3 + x^2 + 1 - x,

and the Binet formula is a(n) = (r3^2-1)*(-r3)^(-n-1)/( (r2-r3)*(r1-r3) ) -(r2^2-1)*(-r2)^(-n-1)/( (r2-r3)*(r1-r2) ) +(r1^2-1)*(-r1)^(-n-1)/( (r1-r2)*(r1-r3) ). - R. J. Mathar, based on input from Alexander R. Povolotsky and T. D. Noe

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..1000

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (1,-1,-1)

FORMULA

INVERT transform of (1, 0, -2, 0, 2, 0, -2, 0, 2, 0, ...) = INVERT transform of (1 - 2x^2 + 2x^4 - 2x^6 + 2x^8 - ...).

a(n) = a(n-1) - a(n-2) - a(n-3), n > 3.

a(n) = (-1)^n*(A057597(n+2) - A057597(n)). - R. J. Mathar, Jan 27 2011

EXAMPLE

a(6) = 7 = (1, 1, 1, -1, -3, -3, 1) dot (-2, 0, 2, 0, -2, 0, 1) = (-2, 0, 2, 0, 6, 0, 1) = 7.

MATHEMATICA

CoefficientList[Series[(1 + x)*(1 - x)/(1 - x + x^2 + x^3), {x, 0, 50}], x] (* G. C. Greubel, Feb 22 2017 *)

PROG

(PARI) x='x+O('x^50); Vec((1 + x)*(1 - x)/(1 - x + x^2 + x^3)) \\ G. C. Greubel, Feb 22 2017

CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A322148 A084144 A214362 * A116401 A106479 A114422

Adjacent sequences:  A180732 A180733 A180734 * A180736 A180737 A180738

KEYWORD

sign,easy

AUTHOR

Gary W. Adamson, Jan 22 2011

STATUS

approved

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Last modified February 23 02:29 EST 2019. Contains 320411 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)