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A180142 Eight rooks and one berserker on a 3 X 3 chessboard. G.f.: (1 + x - x^2)/(1 - 3*x - 3*x^2). 5
1, 4, 14, 54, 204, 774, 2934, 11124, 42174, 159894, 606204, 2298294, 8713494, 33035364, 125246574, 474845814, 1800277164, 6825368934, 25876938294, 98106921684, 371951579934, 1410175504854, 5346381254364, 20269670277654 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

The a(n) represent the number of n-move routes of a fairy chess piece starting in a given side square (m = 2, 4, 6 or 8) on a 3 X 3 chessboard. This fairy chess piece behaves like a rook on the eight side and corner squares but on the central square the rook goes berserk and turns into a berserker, see A180140.

The sequence above corresponds to 16 A[5] vectors with decimal values between 3 and 384. These vectors lead for the corner squares to A123620 and for the central square to A155116.

This sequence appears among the members of a family of sequences with g.f. (1 + x - k*x^2)/(1 - 3*x + (k-4)*x^2). Berserker sequences that are members of this family are 4*A007482 (k=2; with leading 1 added), A180142 (k=1; this sequence), A000302 (k=0), A180140 (k=-1) and 4*A154964 (k=-2; n>=1 and a(0)=1). Some other members of this family are 2*A180148 (k=3; with leading 1 added), 4*A025192 (k=4; with leading 1 added), 2*A005248 (k=5; with leading 1 added) and A123932 (k=6).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..23.

FORMULA

G.f.: (1 + x - x^2)/(1 - 3*x - 3*x^2).

a(n) = 3*a(n-1) + 3*a(n-2) for n >= 2 with a(0)=1, a(1)=4 and a(2)=14.

a(n) = (6-2*A)*A^(-n-1)/21 + (6-2*B)*B^(-n-1)/21 with A=(-3+sqrt(21))/6 and B=(-3-sqrt(21))/6.

Lim_{k->infinity} a(2*n+k)/a(k) = 2*A000244(n)/(A003501(n) - A004254(n)*sqrt(21)) for n >= 1.

Lim_{k->infinity} a(2*n-1+k)/a(k) = 2*A000244(n)/(A004253(n)*sqrt(21) - 3*A030221(n-1)) for n >= 1.

MAPLE

with(LinearAlgebra): nmax:=23; m:=2; A[5]:=[0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1]: A:= Matrix([[0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0], [1, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0], [1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1], [1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0], A[5], [0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1], [1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1], [0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1], [0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0]]): for n from 0 to nmax do B(n):=A^n: a(n):= add(B(n)[m, k], k=1..9): od: seq(a(n), n=0..nmax);

CROSSREFS

Cf. A180141 (corner squares), A180140 (side squares), A180147 (central square).

Sequence in context: A118896 A145211 A060898 * A302171 A045501 A162481

Adjacent sequences:  A180139 A180140 A180141 * A180143 A180144 A180145

KEYWORD

easy,nonn

AUTHOR

Johannes W. Meijer, Aug 13 2010

STATUS

approved

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Last modified January 24 13:24 EST 2020. Contains 331193 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)