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A179597 Eight white kings and one red king on a 3 X 3 chessboard. G.f.: (1 + 5*x + 2*x^2)/(1 - 2*x - 11*x^2 - 6*x^3). 14
1, 7, 27, 137, 613, 2895, 13355, 62233, 288741, 1342175, 6233899, 28964169, 134554277, 625117807, 2904117675, 13491856889, 62679715045, 291194561919, 1352817130667, 6284852732713, 29197861274277, 135646005392399 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,2

COMMENTS

The a(n) represent the number of n-move routes of a fairy chess piece starting in the central square (m = 5) on a 3 X 3 chessboard. This fairy chess piece behaves like a king on the eight side and corner squares but on the central square the king goes crazy and turns into a red king, see A179596.

For the central square the 512 red kings lead to 47 different red king sequences, see the cross-references for some examples.

The sequence above corresponds to four A[5] vectors with decimal [binary] values 367 [1,0,1,1,0,1,1,1,1], 463 [1,1,1,0,0,1,1,1,1], 487 [1,1,1,1,0,0,1,1,1] and 493 [1,1,1,1,0,1,1,0,1]. These vectors lead for the corner squares to A179596 and for the side squares to A126473.

This sequence belongs to a family of sequences with g.f. (1 + (k+2)*x + (2*k-4)*x^2)/(1 - 2*x - (k+8)*x^2 - (2*k)*x^3). Red king sequences that are members of this family are A179607 (k=0), A179605 (k=1), A179601 (k=2), A179597 (k=3; this sequence) and A086348 (k=4). Another member of this family is A179609 (k = -4).

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..21.

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (2,11,6).

FORMULA

G.f.: (1 + 5*x + 2*x^2)/(1 - 2*x - 11*x^2 - 6*x^3).

a(n) = 2*a(n-1) + 11*a(n-2) + 6*a(n-3) with a(0) = 1, a(1) = 7 and a(2) = 27.

a(n) = 8*(-1/2)^(-n+1)/9 + ((7+11*sqrt(7))*A^(-n-1) + (7-11*sqrt(7))*B^(-n-1))/126 with A = (-2+sqrt(7))/3 and B = (-2-sqrt(7))/3.

Lim_{k->infinity} a(n+k)/a(k) = (-1)^(n+1)*(A000244(n)/(A015530(n)*sqrt(7) - A108851(n))).

MAPLE

with(LinearAlgebra): nmax:=21; m:=5; A[1]:= [0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0]: A[2]:= [1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0]: A[3]:= [0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0]: A[4]:=[1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 1, 0]: A[5]:= [1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1]: A[6]:= [0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 1, 1]: A[7]:= [0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, 0]: A[8]:= [0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1]: A[9]:= [0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0]: A:=Matrix([A[1], A[2], A[3], A[4], A[5], A[6], A[7], A[8], A[9]]): for n from 0 to nmax do B(n):=A^n: a(n):= add(B(n)[m, k], k=1..9): od: seq(a(n), n=0..nmax);

MATHEMATICA

LinearRecurrence[{2, 11, 6}, {1, 7, 27}, 30] (* Harvey P. Dale, Mar 01 2015 *)

CROSSREFS

Red king sequences central square [numerical value A[5]]: A086348 [495], A179599 [239], A179597 [367], A179601 [335], A179603 [95], A154964 [31], A179605 [327], A179606 [27], A179611 [15], A179607 [325], A015521 [11], A007483 [2], A000012 [16], A000007 [0].

Sequence in context: A034536 A283538 A214459 * A295209 A151496 A202519

Adjacent sequences:  A179594 A179595 A179596 * A179598 A179599 A179600

KEYWORD

easy,nonn

AUTHOR

Johannes W. Meijer, Jul 28 2010, Aug 10 2010

STATUS

approved

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Last modified August 7 22:44 EDT 2020. Contains 336279 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)