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A172257 The prime that gives n primes via concatenation of decremented numbers in sequence as quickly as possible. 3
7, 73, 1476193, 10087249723, 29112561133 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

Excluding the prime a(n) itself, this sequence concerns stringing together (in decimal notation) values a(n), a(n)-1, a(n)-2, ... to obtain n primes as quickly as possible. A remark (from Jens Kruse Andersen, responsible also for a(4)) that beginning at a prime is more common than what had been done at A152396 is responsible for initiating investigation of this sequence. To be specific, this sequence concerns first instances of numbers resulting in simultaneous primality of concatenations of k numbers where k runs through the first n+1 (the number by itself is prime) odd values not divisible by 3 or ending with digit 9 in decimal (the first condition concerns simple divisibility by 3, while the second results from the small values placing a specific limitation modulo 5). No splitting into two distinct sequences arises depending upon whether or not it is specified that each prime occurs with as few concatenations as possible. This contrasts with what occurs where the number itself need not be prime (and may not be counted). See the comments to A152396 for the complications that arise in that case. - James G. Merickel, Feb 26 2014

Existence of solutions appears provable using Chebotarev's Theorem applied to the rational primes, after first applying the Chinese Remainder Theorem to fixed-length collections. - James G. Merickel, Mar 11 2014

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..5.

Wikipedia, Chinese Remainder Theorem

Wikipedia, Chebotarev's Density Theorem

EXAMPLE

a(1)=7, as 76543 is prime, and none of the smaller primes give such an example, concatenation beginning with 2 only having the case 3*7, beginning with an odd prime necessarily requiring 5 total concatenated values to avoid divisibility by either 2 or 3, and 54321 also being composite. a(2)=73, as 7372717069 and 73727170696867 are both prime, with no smaller prime resulting in two primes this quickly. And a(3)=1476193, as this is the first prime for which primes arise for all three cases of concatenation of the 5, 7 and 11 incrementally decreasing numbers starting with it.

CROSSREFS

Cf. A152396.

Sequence in context: A215612 A292012 A051154 * A106427 A106417 A137141

Adjacent sequences:  A172254 A172255 A172256 * A172258 A172259 A172260

KEYWORD

base,nonn,uned

AUTHOR

James G. Merickel, Jan 30 2010

STATUS

approved

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Last modified March 20 13:18 EDT 2019. Contains 321345 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)