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A168263 For any m < n, and for all values of k, d(n^k) > d(m^k). (Let k, m, and n represent positive integers only.) 4
1, 2, 4, 6, 12, 24, 60, 120, 180, 840, 1260, 1680, 27720 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

d(n) is the number of divisors of n (A000005(n)).

All members must be highly composite numbers (A002182) with at least as many distinct prime factors as any smaller positive integer (A116998). (See Formula and Example sections.) It turns out that these two conditions are jointly sufficient.

Ramanujan proved that a) for any prime p, there exist a finite number of highly composite numbers with p as its largest prime factor; and b) in the canonical prime factorization of a highly composite number with largest prime factor p, the exponents for all primes > p are never smaller than they are in the factorization of A003418(p). (See formula 54 of the Ramanujan paper.)

It follows that, if the intersection of A003418 and A116998 is finite, so is the intersection of A002182 and A116998. For proof that the former intersection is finite, see A168262.

REFERENCES

S. Ramanujan, Highly composite numbers, Proc. Lond. Math. Soc. 14 (1915), 347-409; reprinted in Collected Papers, Ed. G. H. Hardy et al., Cambridge 1927; Chelsea, NY, 1962.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..13.

Anonymous?, Polynomial Calculator

S. Ramanujan, Highly Composite Numbers (p. 15) (note especially pp. 11-15)

G. Xiao, WIMS server, Factoris (both expands and factors polynomials)

FORMULA

If the canonical factorization of n into prime powers is Product p^e(p), then the formula for the number of divisors of the k-th power of n is Product_p (ek + 1). (See also A146289, A146290.)

For two positive integers m and n with different prime signatures, let j be the largest exponent of k for which m and n have different coefficients, after the above formula for each integer is expanded as a polynomial. Let m_j and n_j denote the corresponding coefficients. d(n^k) > d(m^k) for all sufficiently high values of k if and only if n_j > m_j.

EXAMPLE

1) 1680 has more divisors than any smaller positive integer; thus for all m < n, d(1680^1) > d(m^1).

2) Since the exponents in 1680's prime factorization are (4,1,1,1), the k-th power of 1680 has (4k+1)(k+1)^3 = 4k^4 + 13k^3 + 15k^2 + 7k + 1 divisors. Comparison with the analogous formulas for all smaller members of A025487 shows the following:

a) No number smaller than 1680 has a positive coefficient in its "power formula" for any exponent larger than k^4.

b) The only power formula with a k^4 coefficient as high as 4 is that for 1260 (4k^4 + 12k^3 + 13k^2 + 6k + 1).

c) The k^3 coefficient for 1680 is higher than for 1260.

So for all sufficiently high values of k, d(1680^k) > d(m^k) for all m < 1680.

3) Careful comparison of 1680's "power formula" with the analogous formulas for smaller members of A025487 shows that no intermediate value of k can exist for which d(m^k) >= d(1680^k) if m < 1680.

CROSSREFS

Intersection of A002182 and A116998. Also, intersection of A002182 and A060735, and of A002182 and A168264. (A168264 is a subsequence of A060735, which is a subsequence of A116998.)

Sequence in context: A094783 A058764 A087009 * A162936 A036484 A212654

Adjacent sequences:  A168260 A168261 A168262 * A168264 A168265 A168266

KEYWORD

fini,full,nonn

AUTHOR

Matthew Vandermast, Nov 23 2009

STATUS

approved

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Last modified November 21 06:00 EST 2019. Contains 329350 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)