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 A167454 Smallest sequence which lists the position of digits "4" in the sequence. 1
 2, 4, 5, 44, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 400, 500, 4444, 5444, 44444, 45444, 444000, 500000, 500001, 500002, 500003, 500005, 500006, 500007, 500008, 500009, 500010, 500011, 500012, 500013, 500015, 500016 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
 OFFSET 1,1 COMMENTS The lexicographically earliest sequence such that a(1),a(2),a(3),... is the (increasing) list of the positions of digits "4" in the string obtained by concatenating all these terms, written in base 10. LINKS EXAMPLE We cannot have a(1)=1 (since then there's no "4" in the first place), but a(1)=2 is possible. Then a(2)=4 is the smallest possible choice. This allows us to take a(3)=5, but this must be followed by two digits "4" (the 4th and 5th of the sequence), thus a(4)=44. Terms a(5) through a(5+(44-6)/2) are now to be filled with 50,51,..., omitting terms with a digit "4". The last term of this series is 70, which must be followed by 400 (whose first digit is the 44th digit of the sequence), 500, and then 4444 (digits 50-53), 5444 (digits 54-57), 44444 (digits 58-62), 45444 (digits 63-67), 444000 (digits 68-73). This "predicts" that a(3) starts with a digit "3", so a(3)=30 is the smallest possible choice. The next digit "3" must not appear until the 30th digit of the sequence, so we fill in terms 40,41,42,44,45... (omitting 43 which has a digit "3"). Now it happens that the term 53 would correspond to digits # 29 and 30=a(3) of the sequence, so we can simply continue with this and 4 more terms, up to 57. The next term must have its second digit (digit # 40=a(4) of the sequence) equal to 3, so 63 is the smallest choice. The terms a(5)=41, a(6)=42 leave 330 as the smallest possible choice for the next term. The terms 44,45,46 and 47,48,49,50 and 51,52,53,54,55 lead to the subsequent terms 333, 3333, 33333. PROG (PARI) concat([[2, 4, 5, 44], vector((44-6)/2, i, 50-(i<=4)+i+(i>=14)), [400, 500, 4444, 5444, 44 444, 45 444, 444000], select(x->x%10-4 & x\10%10-4, vector((400-70)\6+10, i, 500 000+i-1)) ]) CROSSREFS Cf. A098645, A167519, A167520, A167452, A167453. Sequence in context: A036983 A154775 A210418 * A056683 A247963 A105288 Adjacent sequences:  A167451 A167452 A167453 * A167455 A167456 A167457 KEYWORD base,nonn AUTHOR M. F. Hasler, Nov 19 2009 STATUS approved

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