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A162156 Table which contains in row n the mapping of the n-th block of 4 primes to 4 integers. 1
1, 31, 29, -11, 12, 434, 430, -60, 48, 1786, 1750, -360, -152, 4206, 4194, -352, -102, 8284, 8276, -378, 60, 13090, 13054, -972, 24, 20798, 20782, -816, 72, 28646, 28630, -960, 24, 41402, 41398, -576, 60, 54418, 54382, -1980, 24, 69122, 69118, -744, -1942, 85944, 85920, -2810, -896 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,2

COMMENTS

The map takes 4 integers c, b, m and r and maps them onto four integers b*m-c*r, c*m+b*r, b*m+c*r and c*m-b*r, linked via (c^2+b^2)*(m^2+r^2) = (b*m-c*r)^2+(c*m+b*r)^2 = (b*m+c*r)^2+(c*m-b*r)^2.

Here, the inputs are four consecutive primes c=prime(4n-3), b=prime(4n-2), m=prime(4n-1) and r=prime(4n), and the four quadratic combinations which are the bases of the squares are placed into the n-th row of the table.

LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..49.

Eric W. Weisstein, Diophantine Equation, 2nd powers, MathWorld.

Eric W. Weisstein, Fibonacci identity, MathWorld.

FORMULA

T(n,1) = prime(4*n-2)*prime(4*n-1) - prime(4*n-3)*prime(4*n).

T(n,2) = prime(4*n-3)*prime(4*n-1) + prime(4*n-2)*prime(4*n).

T(n,3) = prime(4*n-2)*prime(4*n-1) + prime(4*n-3)*prime(4*n).

T(n,4) = prime(4*n-3)*prime(4*n-1) - prime(4*n-2)*prime(4*n).

EXAMPLE

For n=3, the primes 23, 29, 31 and 37 are mixed via (23^2 + 29^2)*(31^2 + 37^2) = 48^2 + 1786^2 = 1750^2 + 360^2, and 48, 1786, 1750 and -360 from the right hand sides fill the third row of the table.

MAPLE

A162156 := proc(n, k) c := ithprime(4*n-3) ; b := nextprime(c) ; m := nextprime(b) ; r := nextprime(m) ; op(k, [b*m-c*r, c*m+b*r, b*m+c*r, c*m-b*r] ) ; end: seq(seq(A162156(n, k), k=1..4), n=1..20) ; # R. J. Mathar, Sep 16 2009

CROSSREFS

Cf. A000040.

Sequence in context: A291471 A276992 A008685 * A141529 A022987 A023473

Adjacent sequences:  A162153 A162154 A162155 * A162157 A162158 A162159

KEYWORD

sign,tabf,less,changed

AUTHOR

Juri-Stepan Gerasimov, Jun 26 2009

EXTENSIONS

Edited and extended by R. J. Mathar, Sep 16 2009

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 24 12:21 EDT 2019. Contains 322429 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)