

A161681


Primes that are the difference between a cube and a square (conjectured values).


3



2, 7, 11, 13, 19, 23, 47, 53, 61, 67, 71, 79, 83, 89, 107, 109, 127, 139, 151, 167, 191, 193, 199, 223, 233, 239, 251, 271, 277, 293, 307, 359, 431, 433, 439, 463, 487, 499, 503, 547, 557, 587, 593, 599, 631, 647, 673, 683, 719, 727, 769, 797, 859, 887, 919
(list;
graph;
refs;
listen;
history;
text;
internal format)



OFFSET

1,1


COMMENTS

The primes found among the differences are sorted in ascending order and unique primes are then extracted. I call this a "conjectured" sequence since I cannot prove that somewhere on the road to infinity there will never exist an integer pair x,y such that x^3y^2 = 3,5,17,..., missing prime. For example, testing x^3y^2 for x,y up to 10000, the count of some duplicates are:
duplicate,count
7,2
11,2
47,3
431,7
503,7
1999,5
28279,11
Yet for 3,5,17,29,... I did not find even one.
[Comment from Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 03 2009: 587 = 783^3  21910^2, 769 = 1025^3  32816^2, and 971 = 1295^3  46602^2 were skipped in the original.]
Conjecture: The number of primes in x^3y*2 is infinite.
Conjecture: The number of duplicates for a given prime is finite. Then there is the other side  the primes that are not in the sequence 3, 5, 17, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43, 59, 73, 97, 101, 103, ... Looks like a lot of twin components here. Do these have an analytical form? Is there such a thing as a undecidable sequence?
Range of A167224.  Reinhard Zumkeller, Oct 31 2009


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..55.
R. Zumkeller, Some Examples [From Reinhard Zumkeller, Oct 31 2009]


FORMULA

Integers x,y such that x^3y^2 = p where p is prime. The generation bound is 10000.


EXAMPLE

3^3  4^2 = 15^3  58^2 = 11.


PROG

(PARI) diffcubesq(n) =
{
local(a, c=0, c2=0, j, k, y);
a=vector(floor(n^2/log(n^2)));
for(j=1, n,
for(k=1, n,
y=j^3k^2;
if(ispseudoprime(y),
c++;
a[c]=y;
)
)
);
a=vecsort(a);
for(j=2, c/2,
if(a[j]!=a[j1],
c2++;
print1(a[j]", ");
if(c2>100, break);
)
);
}


CROSSREFS

Cf. A000040.
Sequence in context: A138889 A097143 A038897 * A020583 A140557 A027697
Adjacent sequences: A161678 A161679 A161680 * A161682 A161683 A161684


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

Cino Hilliard, Jun 16 2009


EXTENSIONS

Extended and edited by Charles R Greathouse IV, Nov 03 2009
Further edits by N. J. A. Sloane, Nov 09 2009


STATUS

approved



