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A160160 Toothpick sequence in the three-dimensional grid. 23
0, 1, 3, 7, 15, 23, 31, 39, 55, 87, 143, 175, 191, 199, 215, 247, 303, 359, 423, 503, 655, 887, 1239, 1383, 1431, 1463, 1487, 1527, 1583, 1639, 1703, 1783, 1935, 2167, 2519, 2735, 2903, 3079, 3351, 3711, 4207, 4655, 5191, 5855, 7023, 8511, 10511, 11279, 11583, 11919, 12183, 12375, 12487, 12607 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

0,3

COMMENTS

Similar to A139250, except the toothpicks are placed in three dimensions, not two. The first toothpick is in the z direction. Thereafter, new toothpicks are placed at free ends, as in A139250, perpendicular to the existing toothpick, but choosing in rotation the x-direction, y-direction, z-direction, x-direction, etc.

The graph of this sequence has a nice self-similar shape: it looks the when the x-range is multiplied by 2, e.g. a(0..125) vs a(0..250) or a(0..500). - M. F. Hasler, Dec 12 2018

LINKS

M. F. Hasler, Table of n, a(n) for n = 0..500

David Applegate, Omar E. Pol and N. J. A. Sloane, The Toothpick Sequence and Other Sequences from Cellular Automata, Congressus Numerantium, Vol. 206 (2010), 157-191. [There is a typo in Theorem 6: (13) should read u(n) = 4.3^(wt(n-1)-1) for n >= 2.]

R. J. Mathar, C++ program

R. J. Mathar, View after stage 1

R. J. Mathar, View after stage 2

R. J. Mathar, View after stage 3

R. J. Mathar, View after stage 4

R. J. Mathar, View after stage 5

R. J. Mathar, View after stage 6

R. J. Mathar, View after stage 7

R. J. Mathar, View after stage 8

R. J. Mathar, View after stage 9

R. J. Mathar, View after stage 10

N. J. A. Sloane, Catalog of Toothpick and Cellular Automata Sequences in the OEIS

Alex van den Brandhof and Paul Levrie, Tandenstokerrij, Pythagoras, Viskundetijdschrift voor Jongeren, 55ste Jaargang, Nummer 6, Juni 2016, (see page 19 and the back cover).

FORMULA

Partial sums of A160161: a(n) = Sum_{1 <= k <= n} A160161(k) for all n >= 0. - M. F. Hasler, Dec 12 2018

PROG

(PARI) A160160_vec(n, o=1)={local(s(U)=[Vecsmall(Vec(V)+U)|V<-E], E=[Vecsmall([1, 1, 1])], J=[], M, A, B, U); [if(i>4, M+=8*#E=setminus(setunion(A=s(U=matid(3)[i%3+1, ]), B=select(vecmin, s(-U))), J=setunion(setunion(setintersect(A, B), E), J)), M=1<<i-1)|i<-[o..n]]} \\ Returns the vector a(1..n), or a(0..n) with second arg = 0. - M. F. Hasler, Dec 11 2018

(PARI) A160160(n)=sum(k=1, n, A160161[k]) \\ if A160161=A160161_vec(n) has already been computed. - M. F. Hasler, Dec 12 2018

CROSSREFS

Cf. A139250, A160120, A160161, A160170, A170884, A170885, A170876.

Sequence in context: A077790 A322971 A165469 * A192122 A069119 A261413

Adjacent sequences:  A160157 A160158 A160159 * A160161 A160162 A160163

KEYWORD

nonn,look

AUTHOR

Omar E. Pol, May 03 2009, May 06 2009

EXTENSIONS

Edited by N. J. A. Sloane, Jan 02 2009

Extended to a(76) with C++ program and illustrations by R. J. Mathar, Jan 09 2010

Extended to 500 terms by M. F. Hasler, Dec 12 2018

STATUS

approved

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Last modified March 24 09:00 EDT 2019. Contains 321448 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)