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A159750 Positive numbers y such that y^2 is of the form x^2+(x+47)^2 with integer x. 4
37, 47, 65, 157, 235, 353, 905, 1363, 2053, 5273, 7943, 11965, 30733, 46295, 69737, 179125, 269827, 406457, 1044017, 1572667, 2369005, 6084977, 9166175, 13807573, 35465845, 53424383, 80476433, 206710093, 311380123, 469051025, 1204794713 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

COMMENTS

(-12, a(1)) and (A118675(n), a(n+1)) are solutions (x, y) to the Diophantine equation x^2+(x+47)^2 = y^2.

lim_{n -> infinity} a(n)/a(n-3) = 3+2*sqrt(2).

lim_{n -> infinity} a(n)/a(n-1) = (51+14*sqrt(2))/47 for n mod 3 = {0, 2}.

lim_{n -> infinity} a(n)/a(n-1) = (3267+1702*sqrt(2))/47^2 for n mod 3 = 1.

For the generic case x^2+(x+p)^2=y^2 with p= m^2 -2 a prime number in A028871, m>=2, the x values are given by the sequence defined by: a(n)= 6*a(n-3) -a(n-6) +2*p with a(1)=0, a(2)= 2*m +2, a(3)= 3*m^2 -10*m +8, a(4)= 3*p, a(5)= 3*m^2 +10*m +8, a(6)= 20*m^2 -58*m +42. Y values are given by the sequence defined by: b(n)= 6*b(n-3) -b(n-6) with b(1)=p, b(2)= m^2 +2*m +2, b(3)= 5*m^2 -14*m +10, b(4)= 5*p, b(5)= 5*m^2 +14*m +10, b(6)= 29*m^2 -82*m +58. - Mohamed Bouhamida, Sep 09 2009

LINKS

G. C. Greubel, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..3900

Index entries for linear recurrences with constant coefficients, signature (0,0,6,0,0,-1).

J. Gebel, Integer points on Mordell curves [Cached copy, after the original web site tnt.math.se.tmu.ac.jp was shut down in 2017]

FORMULA

a(n) = 6*a(n-3) -a(n-6) for n > 6; a(1)=37, a(2)=47, a(3)=65, a(4)=157, a(5)=235, a(6)=353.

G.f.: (1-x)*(37+84*x+149*x^2+84*x^3+37*x^4) / (1-6*x^3+x^6).

a(3*k-1) = 47*A001653(k) for k >= 1.

EXAMPLE

(-12, a(1)) = (-12, 37) is a solution: (-12)^2+(-12+47)^2 = 144+1225 = 1369 = 37^2.

(A118675(1), a(2)) = (0, 47) is a solution: 0^2+(0+47)^2 = 2209 = 47^2.

(A118675(3), a(4)) = (85, 157) is a solution: 85^2+(85+47)^2 = 7225+17424 = 24649 = 157^2.

MATHEMATICA

LinearRecurrence[{0, 0, 6, 0, 0, -1}, {37, 47, 65, 157, 235, 353}, 50] (* G. C. Greubel, May 22 2018 *)

PROG

(PARI) {forstep(n=-12, 100000000, [1, 3], if(issquare(2*n^2+94*n+2209, &k), print1(k, ", ")))};

(PARI) x='x+O('x^30); Vec((1-x)*(37+84*x+149*x^2+84*x^3+37*x^4)/(1 -6*x^3 +x^6)) \\ G. C. Greubel, May 22 2018

(MAGMA) I:=[37, 47, 65, 157, 235, 353]; [n le 6 select I[n] else 6*Self(n-3) - Self(n-6): n in [1..30]]; // G. C. Greubel, May 22 2018

CROSSREFS

Cf. A118675, A001653, A156035 (decimal expansion of 3+2*sqrt(2)), A159751 (decimal expansion of (51+14*sqrt(2))/47), A159752 (decimal expansion of (3267+1702*sqrt(2))/47^2).

Sequence in context: A043174 A043954 A244356 * A108333 A231254 A218834

Adjacent sequences:  A159747 A159748 A159749 * A159751 A159752 A159753

KEYWORD

nonn,easy

AUTHOR

Klaus Brockhaus, Apr 30 2009

STATUS

approved

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Last modified April 22 16:32 EDT 2021. Contains 343177 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)