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A157480 a(n) = least prime p such that p + prime(n) is a square. 5
2, 13, 11, 2, 5, 3, 19, 17, 2, 7, 5, 107, 23, 101, 2, 11, 5, 3, 257, 29, 71, 2, 17, 11, 3, 43, 41, 37, 467, 31, 17, 13, 7, 5, 47, 173, 167, 1601, 2, 23, 17, 719, 5, 3, 59, 701, 113, 2, 29, 347, 23, 17, 83, 5, 67, 61, 131, 53, 47, 43, 41, 31, 17, 13, 11, 7, 569, 239, 53, 227, 47, 2 (list; graph; refs; listen; history; text; internal format)
OFFSET

1,1

LINKS

Zak Seidov, Table of n, a(n) for n = 1..10000

EXAMPLE

The difference between prime 3 and the square 16 is 13 which is prime and in the sequence.

MATHEMATICA

Table[p=Prime[n]; b=Ceiling[Sqrt[p]]; While[!PrimeQ[x=b^2-p], b++]; x, {n, 72}]

PROG

(PARI) g(n)= c=0; forprime(x=2, n, for(k=1, n^2, if(issquare(x+k)&&isprime(k),

print1(k", "); c++; break))); c

CROSSREFS

Sequence in context: A213825 A333493 A244932 * A213306 A213307 A213305

Adjacent sequences:  A157477 A157478 A157479 * A157481 A157482 A157483

KEYWORD

nonn

AUTHOR

Cino Hilliard, Mar 01 2009

EXTENSIONS

Better definition and Mma program from Zak Seidov, Mar 14 2013

STATUS

approved

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Last modified September 29 18:27 EDT 2020. Contains 337432 sequences. (Running on oeis4.)