

A153003


Toothpick sequence in the first three quadrants.


10



0, 1, 4, 7, 10, 16, 25, 31, 34, 40, 49, 58, 70, 91, 115, 127, 130, 136, 145, 154, 166, 187, 211, 226, 238, 259, 286, 316, 361, 427, 487, 511, 514, 520, 529, 538, 550, 571, 595, 610, 622, 643, 670, 700, 745, 811, 871, 898, 910, 931
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OFFSET

0,3


COMMENTS

From Omar E. Pol, Oct 01 2011: (Start)
On the infinite square grid, consider only the first three quadrants and count only the toothpicks of length 2.
At stage 0, we start from a vertical half toothpick at [(0,0),(0,1)]. This half toothpick represents one of the two components of the first toothpick placed in the toothpick structure of A139250, so a(0) = 0.
At stage 1, we place an orthogonal toothpick of length 2 centered at the end, so a(1) = 1. Also we place half toothpick at [(0,1),(1,1)]. This last half toothpick represents one of the two components of the third toothpick placed in the toothpick structure of A139250.
At stage 2, we place three toothpicks, so a(2) = 1+3 = 4.
In each subsequent stage, for every exposed toothpick end, place an orthogonal toothpick centered at that end.
The sequence gives the number of toothpicks after n stages. A153004 (the first differences) gives the number of toothpicks added to the structure at nth stage.
Note that this sequence is different from the toothpick "corner" sequence A153006. For more information see A139250. (End)


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=0..49.
David Applegate, Omar E. Pol and N. J. A. Sloane, The Toothpick Sequence and Other Sequences from Cellular Automata, Congressus Numerantium, Vol. 206 (2010), 157191. [There is a typo in Theorem 6: (13) should read u(n) = 4.3^(wt(n1)1) for n >= 2.]
N. J. A. Sloane, Catalog of Toothpick and Cellular Automata Sequences in the OEIS
Index entries for sequences related to toothpick sequences


FORMULA

a(n) = (A139250(n+1)3)*3/4 + 1, if n >= 1.
From Omar E. Pol, Oct 01 2011: (Start)
a(n) = A139250(n+1)  A152998(n) + A153000(n1)  1, if n >= 1.
a(n) = A139250(n+1)  A153000(n1)  2, if n >= 1.
a(n) = A152998(n) + A153000(n1), if n >= 1.
(End)


PROG

(Python)
def msb(n):
t=0
while n>>t>0: t+=1
return 2**(t  1)
def a139250(n):
k=(2*msb(n)**2 + 1)/3
return 0 if n==0 else k if n==msb(n) else k + 2*a139250(n  msb(n)) + a139250(n  msb(n) + 1)  1
def a(n): return 0 if n==0 else (a139250(n + 1)  3)*3/4 + 1
print [a(n) for n in xrange(101)] # Indranil Ghosh, Jul 01 2017


CROSSREFS

Cf. A139250, A139251, A152968, A152978, A152998, A153000, A153004.
Sequence in context: A299475 A310713 A180080 * A213484 A128429 A191154
Adjacent sequences: A153000 A153001 A153002 * A153004 A153005 A153006


KEYWORD

nonn


AUTHOR

Omar E. Pol, Jan 02 2009


STATUS

approved



