

A152659


Triangle read by rows: T(n,k) is the number of lattice paths from (0,0) to (n,n) with steps E=(1,0) and N=(0,1) and having k turns (NE or EN) (1<=k<=2n1).


0



2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 4, 8, 4, 2, 2, 6, 18, 18, 18, 6, 2, 2, 8, 32, 48, 72, 48, 32, 8, 2, 2, 10, 50, 100, 200, 200, 200, 100, 50, 10, 2, 2, 12, 72, 180, 450, 600, 800, 600, 450, 180, 72, 12, 2, 2, 14, 98, 294, 882, 1470, 2450, 2450, 2450, 1470, 882, 294, 98, 14, 2, 2, 16, 128, 448
(list;
graph;
refs;
listen;
history;
text;
internal format)



OFFSET

1,1


COMMENTS

Row n has 2n1 entries.
Sum of entries of row n = binomial(2n,n) = A000984(n) (the central binomial coefficients).
Sum(k*T(n,k),k=0..2n1) = n*binomial(2n,n) = A005430(n).


LINKS

Table of n, a(n) for n=1..68.


FORMULA

T(n,2k) = 2*binomial(n1,k1)*binomial(n1,k);
T(n,2k1) = 2*binomial(n1,k1)^2.
G.f.: [1+t*r(t^2,z)]/[1t*r(t^2,z)], where r(t,z) is the Narayana function, defined by r = z(1+r)(1+tr).


EXAMPLE

T(3,2)=4 because we have ENNNEE, EENNNE, NEEENN and NNEEEN.
Triangle starts:
2;
2,2,2;
2,4,8,4,2;
2,6,18,18,18,6,2;
2,8,32,48,72,48,32,8,2;


MAPLE

T := proc (n, k) if `mod`(k, 2) = 0 then 2*binomial(n1, (1/2)*k1)*binomial(n1, (1/2)*k) else 2*binomial(n1, (1/2)*k1/2)^2 end if end proc: for n to 9 do seq(T(n, k), k = 1 .. 2*n1) end do; # yields sequence in triangular form


CROSSREFS

Cf. A000984, A005430.
Sequence in context: A008737 A244460 A160419 * A180214 A263342 A089452
Adjacent sequences: A152656 A152657 A152658 * A152660 A152661 A152662


KEYWORD

nonn,tabf


AUTHOR

Emeric Deutsch, Dec 10 2008


STATUS

approved



